Mt. Salak

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Mt. Salak
  • Many think the origin of the name “Salak” is from the barking plants, but actually comes from the Sanskrit word, ‘salaka’ which means “silver”.
  • Mount Salak is a strato volcano type A. The highest peak (Peak Salak I) according to Hartmann (1938) is the oldest peak. Peak Salak II berketinggian 2.180 m above sea level. is considered the second oldest. Next comes the Peak Sumbul with a height of 1926 m above sea level.’
  • There are a number of active craters that are not at the top. The biggest crater, Kawah Ratu, is the youngest crater. Cikuluwung Putri Crater and Breath Crater are part of the Queen Crater system.
Mt. Gede Pangrango National Park; Mt. Halimun Salak National Park


Province West Java
City / Regency
  1. Kabupaten Bogor
  2. Kabupaten Sukabumi
Distrik 1.1 Kecamatan Tenjolaya; 1.2 Kecamatan Pamijahan;

2.1 Kecamatan Cidahu; 2.2 Kecamatan Cicurug; 2.3  Kecamatan  Tamansari; 2.4  Kecamatan Cigombong

Village 1.1.1 Desa Gunung  Malang;

1.2.1 Desa Gunung Bunder 2; 1.2.2 Desa Gunung Sari; 1.2.3 Desa Ciasihan

2.1.1 Desa …?

2.2.1 Desa Cisaat; 2.2.2 Desa Pesawahan; 2.2.3 Desa Kutajaya;


2.4.1 Desa Pasirjaya


a vulcano / active
History of eruption;
 Since the 1600s recorded several eruptions, among them a series of eruptions between 1668-1699, 1780, 1902-1903, and 1935. The last eruption occurred in 1938, a phreatic eruption that occurred in Cikuluwung Putri Crater …
Elevation (meters above sea level);
2.221 m (7.287 ft)
Type of eruption;
he character of the eruption of Mount Salak is a phreatic eruption in the central crater and side eruptions. Phreatic eruption occurs when there is a very strong accumulation of water vapor pressure beneath the surface of the earth that exceeds the resistance of the above surface layer of soil. This accumulation of moisture can be formed by touching directly or indirectly the flow of water with magma. A side eruption is an eruption that occurs on the slopes of a volcano…
Topology & Geology;
Salak volcano is an active volcano with strato type whose eruption is a lapse between lava flows and pyroclastic deposits.

Geology and stratigraphy tentatively based on the results of previous mapping (Zaenudin, et al, 1993) that the sequence of rock from old to young consists of 16 units of rock and 7 units of rock products not mountain Salak.

The result of the oldest Salak mountain activity is Salak I mountain lava and the youngest is kolorium and alluvial sediment. Genetics of Salak Mountain according to Hartman (1938) are as follows: First emerged Salak I mountain which is the oldest body and then followed by Salak II, then Sunbul Mount appears, while Kawah Ratu is estimated to be the final product of Salak Mountain, Cikulung Putri Crater and the Breath Crater which is still part of Kawah Ratu.

Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…


Identification The forests of Mount Salak consist of submontane forest and montane forest.
The bottom of the forest area, originally a production forest planted Perum Perhutani. Some types of trees planted here are tusam (Pinus merkusii) and rasamala (Altingia excelsa). Then, as is commonly in the lower jungle forests in Java, there are also pineapple trees (Schima wallichii), saninten (Castanopsis sp.), Pairs (Lithocarpus sp.) And various types of huru (Lauraceae tribe).
In this forest, in some locations, especially in the direction of Cidahu, Sukabumi, also found a rare species called Rafflesia rochussenii which spreads limited to Mount Gede and Mount Pangrango nearby.
In border areas with forests, or near rivers, people plant red-blooded species (Calliandra calothyrsus), dadap cangkring (Erythrina variegata), African wood (Maesopsis eminii), jeunjing (Paraserianthes falcataria) and various bamboo .
more search required …?
Overview of flora in West Java
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here


Identification Various wildlife found on the slopes of Mount Salak, ranging from frogs and frogs, reptiles, birds to mammals.
Aphibia: Result of research D.M. Nasir (2003) from KSH Department of Faculty of Forestry IPB, get 11 types of frogs and frogs in the neighborhood of S. Ciapus Leutik, Tamansari Village, Kab. Bogor. The types are Bufo asper, B. melanostictus, Leptobrachium hasseltii, Fejervarya limnocharis, Huia masonii, Limnonectes kuhlii, L. macrodon, L. microdiscus, Rana chalconota, R. erythraea and R. hosii. These results do not include the types of tree frogs, and other types of mountain frogs that are still likely to be found. In Cidahu also recorded the type of horned horn (Megophrys montana) and flying frog (Rhacophorus reinwardtii).
Reptil: Various types of reptiles, especially lizards and snakes, are found on this mountain. Some examples are chameleon Bronchocela jubata and B. cristatella, Mabuya multifasciata garden lizard and Varanus salvator river lizard. The snake species in Mount Salak are not known, but some are recorded ranging from small shy snakes (Calamaria sp.), Snakes (Pareas carinatus) to pythons (Python reticulatus) for several meters…
Bird: Mount Salak has long been known as a bird-rich region, as noted by Vorderman (1885). Hoogerwerf (1948) obtained no fewer than 232 species of birds on this mountain (total Java: 494 species, 368 types of settlers). Some of the most important species of this mountain are the Java eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi) and several species of eagle…Primates: –more search required …?
Overview of fauna in West Java
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here


  1.; March 2018
  2.; March 2018;
  3.; March 2018
  4. …?
  1. …?;
  1. Penilaian bahaya lahar Gunung Salak(Suatu pendekatan morfometri); Rusdi Muhardi, Boedi Tjahjono, dan D.P. Tejo Baskoro; Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan, IPB; Jurnal Lingkungan dan Bencana Geologi, Vol. 5 No. 2 Agustus 2014: 93 – 110 (Link;
  2. ANALISIS SEBARAN KAWASAN POTENSIAL PANAS BUMI GUNUNG SALAK DENGAN SUHU PERMUKAAN, INDEKS VEGETASI DAN GEOMORFOLOGI; Putri Mariasari Sukendar, Bandi Sasmito, Arwan Putra Wijaya*), Program Studi Teknik Geodesi Fakultas Universitas Diponegoro;Jurnal Geodesi Undip, April 2016 (Link;
  3. Bahaya gas vulkanik Gunung Salak, Jawa Barat; N. Euis Sutaningsih, Isa Nurnusanto, Sukarnen, dan Suryono, BPPTK, Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi, Badan Geologi; Jurnal Lingkungan dan Bencana Geologi, Vol. 1 No. 2 Agustus 2010: 79 – 90(Link;
  4. …?

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