Minister of Agriculture Decree No. 928/Kpts/Um/12/1982
December 27, 1982
Tourist Park: 1.300 Ha;
Sea Tourist Park : 2.600 Ha
Technical implementation Unit
Based on the Decree of the Minister of Agriculture Number 928 / Kpts / Um / 2/1982 dated December 22, 1982 with the area for Natural Park of ± 1,300 Ha, while the area for Marine Garden Park ± 2,600 Ha.
Natural Park Nature Reserve area has been set in the limit in 1980, while the Marine Tourism Park area has not been set up.Based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry and Environment Number 3919 of 2014, Weh Island Natural Park Area changed to ± 6,481.30 Ha Consisting of 1,201.10 Forest Area Nature Park 1.210,10 Ha and 5,280.20 Ha Marine Area Nature Park.When compared with the area of Sabang City then the area of forest Nature Park in Sabang City or 7.84% of the total area of Sabang City. During 1997-1999, Conservation International conducted a survey of coral reefs in the region. According to the survey, the diversity of reefs is relatively small, but the diversity of fish species is enormous.
Nangroe Aceh Darussalam
Generally Weh Island consists of two types of rocks, namely tuff marina and core rock. Tuf marina is found almost along the coast until the height of 40 to 50 meters. The widest tuff layer is found around the town of Sabang, on a narrow-lined beach. Narrow rock is andesitic volcanic rock.
Topography to the east there is a mountain that direction from North to South that separates East Weh Island with other parts. Mount Leumo Mate is the highest peak. In this section there is a larger layer of tuff marina. Between the West and the East there is a slenk region of a fleksun (an imperfect benchmark).
The geological condition of this region consists of 70% of volcanic rock (andesite), 27% of sedimentary rock (line stone and sand stone), and 3% of alluvial deposit (recent deposit).
River Way Semaka; River Pria Laot; River Krueng Raya
Epiphytic plants and other plants are found in areas such as ferns (Cycas Sp), keris (Chrysanthenum Sp), Orchids and Hoya (Hoya sp.)
The three most dominant tree species are Bayur (Pterospermum janicum), Rumok (Pterosymbium javanicum) and Nabok (Pterospemum diversifolium), while other species found in the region are Alban (Vitex pinnata), Sentul (Sandoricum keutjapi), Ara (Ficus racemosa) and others.
About Coral, “A total of 133 coral species in Weh waters are similar to those in Halmahera (130) which are known to have the highest coral diversity for the Coral Triangle region.”(Researchers from ARC Center of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University Australia, Wildlife Conservation Society, Fauna and Flora International and involving Syiah Kuala University, 30/10/2012)
Composition of reef fish found as many as 17 families. Each family is Pomacentridae (damfish), Pomacanthidae (Angelfish), Chaetodontidae (butterflyfish), Mullidaer (goatfish), Lenthrinidae (emperors), Nemipteridae (spinecheeks), Haemulidae (sweetlips), Apogonidae (cardinalfish), Cirrhitidae (hawkfish) Pseudochromidae (parrotfish), Rhinobatidae (rays), Balistidae (triggerfish), Labridae (wrasses) and Syngnathidae (pipefish).
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Overview of flora in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
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Weh Island is the only habitat of a threatened frog species, named Bufo valhallae
Found the types of reef fish such as Angel fish, Tropet fish, Dunsel fish, Sergeon fish, Grope fish, Parrot fish and others.
In addition, there are also many types of economical fish such as Tuna, Kakap fish, Grouper fish, Bayan fish, Banana-Pangan fish and others.
Wild fauna species (Makaka fascicularis), monitor lizards (Varanus salvator), rats (Rattus sp.), Weasels (paradoxurus hermaphrodites), wild boar (Sus scrofa ), Lizards (Lacerta sp.), Kalong (Pteropus sp.) And various bird species.
The weh island is also a place for migratory Nicobar pigeon.