Way Kambas National Park

REGULATION[sg_popup id=”1″ event=”onload”][/sg_popup]

Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry No  670/Kpts-II/1999
Date Agustus 26,1999
Large (Hektar) 125.621,3
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasiona Way Kambas
Note Based on the history of Establishment of Way Kambas nature conservation area started since 1936 by Resident Lampung, Mr. Rookmaker, and followed by the Decree of the Governor of the Netherlands, dated January 26, 1937 Stbl 1937 Number 38.
In 1978 the Way Kambas Wildlife Sanctuary was changed to Natural Conservation Area (KPA) by the Minister of Agriculture by Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No. 429 / Kpts-7/1978, dated July 10, 1978 and managed by the Sub Territory of Nature Conservation Area (SBKPA). Nature Conservation Area is converted into Natural Resources Conservation Area (KSDA) managed by SBKSDA with an area of ​​130,000 ha.In 1985 with the Decree of the Minister of Forestry No. 177 / Kpts-II / 1985, dated October 12, 1985. On April 1, 1989 coincided with the National Conservation Week in Kaliurang Yogyakarta, it was declared a Way Kambas National Park area based on Forestry Ministerial Decree No. 444 / Menhut-II / 1989, dated April 1, 1989 with an area of ​​130,000 ha.Then in 1991 based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry number 144 / Kpts / II / 1991, dated 13 March 1991 declared as Way Kambas National Park, where its management by Way Kambas Natural Resource Conservation Sub-Division responsible directly to the Natural Resource Conservation Center II Tanjung Karang. By Decree of the Minister of Forestry No. 185 / Kpts-II / 1997, March 13, 1997 where Way Kambas Sub-Center for Natural Resource Conservation was declared as Way Kambas National Park.as one of the considerations used as the basis for its determination. However, after the establishment of a wildlife reserve for almost twenty years, especially during the period 1968 – 1974, the area suffered severe habitat destruction, when the area was cleared for Forest Concession, this area and all its contents including animals, many experienced damage.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Lampung
City/Regency
  1. Kabupaten Lampung Timur
  2. Kabupaten Lampung Tengah
District 1.1 Kecamatan Purbolingga

1.2 …?

2.1 …?

Village

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
 0-50
Topology&Geology
In general, the topographic conditions within the Way Kambas National Park area are relatively flat up to slightly undulating in the western part of the region, In the eastern part of the region is the valley area cut off by rivers that cause the formation of wavy topography.

Based on Map of Land and Land Sheet Tanjungkarang (PPT, 1993) there are nearly 10 units of Land Map. The soils evolved from alluvium deposits and sour tufa deposits. The most widespread soil type is Podsolik, while other species are found in narrow areas, ie in alluvial and marine physiography. Podsolic soils have a high clay content (more than 30%). This soil type has a sour soil reaction, with high Al (alumunium), low nutrient content, so it needs liming and fertilization as well as land management intensively and carefully. Type podzolik soil easily catch water but relatively difficult to be utilized because of high enough clay content, other than that the type of soil is high enough (Introduction to ground science-UGM).

Based on the age of its formation increasingly to the east approaching the coastal area, the average age of the soil is relatively young, as a result of sedimentation or sedimentation. The soil type is easily affected by erosion.

Climate
Type climate B (Schmidt&Ferguson);
Temperature
 28′-37’C; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …

POTENTIAL BIOTIC AREA

Habitat

Mountain
 –
Lake
River
sub watershed Kambas-Jepara; River Way Kambas; River Way Penet; River Way Kanan; River Wako; River Way Negara Batin; River Way Areng; River Pegadungan

Flora

Endemik
Identification Some types of vegetation that can be found are Keruing (Dipterocarpus gracilis), Anggrung (Trema orientalis), Simpur stone (Dillenia grandifolia), Water Symbol (Dillenia exelsa), Meranti Copper (Shorea leprosula) Meranti Kuyung (Shorea ovalis), Nangi (Adina polichepala ), Puspa (Scima wallichii), meranti (Shorea sp), rengas (Gluta renghas), putat, ketapang (Terminalia cattapa), sea pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), Nephenthes or semar bag, Palm red, pandan, nibung, oil (Dipterocarpus gracilis), ramin (Gonystylus bancanus) and several types of vines / lianas.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in Lampung
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Mammals: tapir (Tapiris indicus), Sumatranus elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Sambar deer (Cervus unicolor), deer (Muntiacus muntjak), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris), Sumatran rhino (Diserohinus sumatranus), sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) The golden cat (Catupuma temminckii), The jungle dog (Cuon alpinus), …

primates: Owa (Hylobates moloch), Red Lutung (Presbytis rubicunda), Siamang (Hylobates syndactylus), …

Birds: Forest Chickens (Gallus gallus), Rangkong (Buceros sp.), Forest Duck (Cairina scutulata), Snake Pupuk (Anhinga melanogaster), …

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in Lampung
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. waykambas.org; Agustus 2017
  2. nationalgeographic.co.id; Agustus 2017
  3. id.wikipedia.org; Agustus 2017
  4. travel.kompas.com; Agustus 2017
Blog
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2016; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. Dampak Pengembangan Suaka Badak Sumatera Terhadap Ekosistem Taman Nasional Way Kambas; Marizal Ahmad, Kepala Lab Ekologi Unila, Tahun…? (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. Taman Nasional Way Kambas Merupakan Daya Tarik Kepariwisataan Lampung; Mukhtar, Program Studi Pariwisata, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Sumatera Utara, 2004 (Link: drive.google.com
  5. …?

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