Ujung Kulon National Park area consists of three types of ecosystems are:
The terrestrial / terrestrial ecosystem consists of high and lowland tropical rainforests located on Honje Mountain, Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Peucang Island and Panaitan Island.
Marine Waters Ecosystem consists of coral reefs and seagrass beds located in the territorial waters of Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Handeuleum Island, Peucang Island and Panaitan Island.
Coastal Ecosystem consists of coastal forests and mangrove forests along the coast and mangrove forests in the Northeast of the Ujung Kulon Peninsula.
These three ecosystems have interdependence relationships and form the dynamics of complex ecological processes within the region.
Based on the classification done by Reuler and Hominel, 1987 (in Hommel, 1987), the land in Ujung Kulon National Park can be divided into several:
litosol soil that develops over various types of rocks, scattered around the umbrella Mountains especially in the lowlands along the coasts in the South and West.
Fluvial kalkarik that develops on alluvial sand is found in sandy beach areas, whereas kalsisol kalsik that develops on alluvial sand found on the wall of the beach is overgrown with forests.
chalkarized regosol that develops on coral sand located on the coastal plain of Peucang Island.
Luvial gleyic that develops in the clay material. This type of soil is common in dry areas, except in the west of Jamang, locally found on the border between the erosion plains and the Honje mountains.
Fluvisol kalkarik which develops in alluvial sand. This type of soil is found only in depressed areas on the coastal plains of Peucang Island.
The eutric kambisol grown on tufa, this type of soil commonly found in the highest areas of the western hills, is also found in Tanjung Gede, Gunung Kendeng and locally in the lower plains of the western hills.
District nitosols that develop on sedimentary rocks (including tuffs) are found to be limited to the highlands of Mount Payung and generally above 150 m altitude.
Thionic fluvisol that develops in various alluvial sediments, this type of soil is found to be confined to the outside of the mangrove forest.
Luvisol glevik that develops on limestone or Hat material, this type of soil is found in the dry land plain west of Jamang.
The eutric kambisol that develops on andesite, this type of soil is very common in the western hills, locally also found in the highlands of Umbrella.