Ujung Kulon National Park

REGULATION[sg_popup id=”1″ event=”onload”][/sg_popup]

Gov.Regulation
  1. Decree of the Minister of Forestry Number 284 / Kpts-II / 1992 on the appointment of Ujung Kulon as Ujung Kulon National Park with total area of 122,956 Ha consists of land area 78.619 Ha and 44,337 Ha of water.
  2. Decree of the Minister of Forestry and Plantation Number 758 / Kpts-II / 1999 on the determination of Aquatic Area of Ujung Kulon National Park covering 44.337 Ha as Nature Conservation Area of Waters.
Date
  1. Februari 26,1992
  2. September 23,1999
Large(Hektare) 122.956
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Ujung Kulon
Note Ujung Kulon National Park is located in Tatar Pasundan, the westernmost part of Java Island, Indonesia. This national park area also includes the area of ​​Krakatau and some small islands nearby such as Handeuleum Island and Peucang Island. The park has an area of ​​about 122,956 Ha; (443 km² of which is the sea), which starts from the cape of Ujung Kulon to the Indian Ocean.

This National Park became the first National Park inaugurated in Indonesia, and also inaugurated as one of World Heritage protected by UNESCO in 1991, because its territory covers a vast protected forest. Up to now approximately 50 to 60 rhinos live in this habitat.

In the beginning, Ujung Kulon was an agricultural area for some time until it was completely destroyed and exhausted by the entire population when Krakatoa erupted on August 27, 1883 which eventually turned it into a forest again.

Permission to enter this National Park can be obtained at the National Park Headquarters in Labuan or Tamanjaya City. Lodging can be obtained at Handeuleum Island and Peucang.

Ujung Kulon National Park along with the Krakatau Nature Reserve is a national asset, and has been designated as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991.

To improve the management capability of Ujung Kulon National Park as a World Natural Heritage Site, UNESCO has provided funding support and technical assistance.

Ujung Kulon National Park has three types of ecosystems:

  1. Terrestrial / terrestrial ecosystems, consisting of lowland tropical rainforests located in Honje Mountain, Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Peucang Island and Panaitan Island.
  2. Marine waters ecosystem consists of coral reefs and seagrass beds located in the territorial waters of Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Handeuleum Island, Peucang Island and Panaitan Island.
  3. The coastal ecosystem consists of coastal forests along the coast and mangrove forests in the northeastern Ujung Kulon Peninsula.

These three ecosystems have interdependence relationships and form the dynamics of complex ecological processes within the region.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Banten
City/Regency Kabupaten Pandeglang
District
  1. Kecamatan Sumur
  2. Kecamatan Cimanggu
Village

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
Topology&Geology

Ujung Kulon National Park area consists of three types of ecosystems are:

The terrestrial / terrestrial ecosystem consists of high and lowland tropical rainforests located on Honje Mountain, Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Peucang Island and Panaitan Island.
Marine Waters Ecosystem consists of coral reefs and seagrass beds located in the territorial waters of Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Handeuleum Island, Peucang Island and Panaitan Island.
Coastal Ecosystem consists of coastal forests and mangrove forests along the coast and mangrove forests in the Northeast of the Ujung Kulon Peninsula.
These three ecosystems have interdependence relationships and form the dynamics of complex ecological processes within the region.

Based on the classification done by Reuler and Hominel, 1987 (in Hommel, 1987), the land in Ujung Kulon National Park can be divided into several:

litosol soil that develops over various types of rocks, scattered around the umbrella Mountains especially in the lowlands along the coasts in the South and West.

Fluvial kalkarik that develops on alluvial sand is found in sandy beach areas, whereas kalsisol kalsik that develops on alluvial sand found on the wall of the beach is overgrown with forests.

chalkarized regosol that develops on coral sand located on the coastal plain of Peucang Island.

Luvial gleyic that develops in the clay material. This type of soil is common in dry areas, except in the west of Jamang, locally found on the border between the erosion plains and the Honje mountains.

Fluvisol kalkarik which develops in alluvial sand. This type of soil is found only in depressed areas on the coastal plains of Peucang Island.

The eutric kambisol grown on tufa, this type of soil commonly found in the highest areas of the western hills, is also found in Tanjung Gede, Gunung Kendeng and locally in the lower plains of the western hills.

District nitosols that develop on sedimentary rocks (including tuffs) are found to be limited to the highlands of Mount Payung and generally above 150 m altitude.

Thionic fluvisol that develops in various alluvial sediments, this type of soil is found to be confined to the outside of the mangrove forest.

Luvisol glevik that develops on limestone or Hat material, this type of soil is found in the dry land plain west of Jamang.

The eutric kambisol that develops on andesite, this type of soil is very common in the western hills, locally also found in the highlands of Umbrella.

Climate
Climate type …?(Schmith-Ferguson)
Temperature
rate 26.5′-28 .9’C; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…

POTENTIAL BIOTIK AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Mount Payung; Mount Sikuya; Mount Honje
Lake
River
River Cikuya;River Cijungkulon;River Cigenter;River Cikarang; River Citadahan; River  Cibandawoh; River Cikeusik; River Nyawaan; River Nyiur; River jamang; River Citelang

Flora

Endemik
Identification Some plants are known to be rare, namely Batryohora geniculata, Cleidion spiciflorum, Heritiera percoriacea, and Knema globularia. In addition there are bayur (Pterospemum javanicum) and various rattan (Calamus sp.). as carpentry materials; gaharu wood (Aquilaria malaccensis), cempaka wood (Michelia campaca) and jambe wood (Areca catechu) as medicinal materials; Orchids (Dendrobium sp.) As ornamental plants; tangkil (Gnetum gnemon) and salak (Salacca edulis) as food.

Coastal forests are generally characterized by the presence of nyamplung (Calophyllum innophyllum), butun (Barringtonia asiatica), Klampis Cina (Hemandia peltata), ketapan (Terminalia catappa), cingkil (Pongamia pinnata) and others.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in Banten
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Mammals: Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus), Forest dog (Cuon alpinus javanicus), Bull (Bos javanicus), Deer (Cervus timorensis), Wild boar (Sus scrofa), muncak Sus verrucosus), Leopard, Forest Dogs, Leopard, Luwak, Forest Cats, Rockhopper, Tando, Hedgehog, Landmill, Bats, Bintarung, Beaver, Rat, Pangolin, Jelarang, …

Primates: Javanese Owa (Hylobates moloch), Surili (Presbytis aigula), Lutung (Presbytis cristata), Loris (Nycticebus coucang) and Long-tailed monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), …

Insect: …?

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in Banten
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. ujungkulon.org; Juli 2017
  2. pika.ksdae.menlhk.go.id; Juli 2017
  3. id.wikipedia.org; Juli 2017
  4. ujungkulonwild.com; Juli 2017
  5. regional.liputan6.com; Juli 2017
Blog
  1. skw1bbksdajabar.blogspot.co.id; Juli 2017
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2016; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. KONDISI FISIK EKOSISTEM HUTAN DI TAMAN NASIONAL UJUNG KULON;
    Siti Badriyah Rushavati dan Harnios Arief, 1997( link: drive.google.com)
  4. MANAJEMEN WISATA ALAM DAN KELESTARIAN BADAK JAWA DI TAMAN NASIONAL UJUNG KULON; E.K.S . Harini Muntasib dan Mulyadi K. 1997(link: drive.google.com)
  5. …?
 

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