Siberut Island Marine National Park

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REGULATION[sg_popup id=”1″ event=”onload”][/sg_popup]

Gov.Regulation Decree of the minister of forestry No 407/Kpts-II/1993
Date Oktober 8, 1993
Large (Hektar) 190.500
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Pulau Siberut
Note Conservation on Siberut Island was started in 1976 with the establishment of Teitei Batti Wildlife Reserve area of ​​6,500 ha based on the Decree of the Minister of Agriculture no. 670 / Kws / Um / 10/1976, dated October 25, 1976.

In 1979 the Teitei Batti Wildlife Reserve area was expanded to 56,500 ha and converted to become a nature reserve in accordance with Minister of Agriculture Decree no. 758 / Kws / Um / 12/1978, dated 5 December 1978.

Through the Man and Biosphere Program (MAB) in 1981 the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Siberut Island was designated as Biosphere Reserve in Indonesia.

Then based on the decision of the Minister of Agriculture no. 623 / Kpts / Um / 8/1982, dated 23 August 1982 also designated a nature reserve area on Siberut Island covering 50,000 ha in the south.

In further developments based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry no. 407 / Kpts-II / 1993 is designated Siberut National Park with an area of ​​190,500 which is a combination of natural conservation area (132,900 ha), protected forest (3,500 ha), limited production forest (36,600 ha) and fixed production forest (36,600 ha).

GOVERMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Sumatera Barat
City/Regency

Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai

District
  1. Kecamatan Siberut Barat
  2. Kecamatan Siberut Utara
  3. Kecamatan Siberut Barat Daya
  4. Kecamatan Siberut Selatan
  5. Kecamatan Siberut Tengah
Village 1.1 Desa Sigapokna; 1.2 Desa Simalegi; 1.3 Desa Simatalu

2.1 Desa Malancan; 2.2 Desa Muara Sikabaluan; 2.3 Desa Bojakan; 2.4 Desa Sotboyak; 2.5 Desa Mongan Poula; 2.6 Desa Sirilogui;

3.1 Desa Sagalubbeg; 3.2 Desa Pasakiat Taileleu; 3.3 Desa Katurei;

4.1 Desa Matotonan; 4.2 Desa Madobag; 4.3 Desa Muntei; 4.4 Desa Maileppet; 4.5 Desa Muara Siberut

5.1 Desa Saibi Samukop; 5.2 Desa Saliguma

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
Topology&Geology
Climate
type climate (Schmidt&Ferguson)
Temperature
–; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …

POTENTIAL BIOTIC AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Lake
River

Flora

Endemik
Identification It is estimated that 15% of plants in Siberut are endemic species. Among the six species of endemic plants are Mesua cathairinae (Clusiaceae), Diospyros brevicalyx (Ebenaceae), Aporusa quadrangularis (Euphorbiaceae), Baccaurea dulcis (Euphorbiaceae), Drypetes subsymmetrica (Euphorbiaceae) and Horsfieldia macrothyrsa (Myristicaceae).

Some plant species have evolved to form unusual morphological features. For example the extraordinarily high Xanthophyllum villarii (Rubiaceae) in Siberut, this Species is known only in the Philippines. Chloranthus officinalis (Chloranthaceae) grows enormously when compared to each of these species in other areas. The minor phaeomeria (Zyngiberaceae) has the smallest size in its genus.

LIPI (1995) has successfully recorded about 846 species, 390 genera and 131 families of groups of trees, shrubs, herbs, lianas and ephypit. Also identified 18 species of ferns and 5 species of mosses and fungi. The most important families are Euphorbiaceae (24 genera, 100 species), Orchidaceae (41 genera, 67 species), Rubiaceae (25 genera, 54 species) and Lauraceae (11 genera, 39 species). Dipterocarpaceae group which successfully recorded as many as 20 species, consists of 6 species Dipterocarpus, 2 species Hopea, 8 Species Shorea and 4 Species Vatica.

Natural orchids found in Siberut National Park area of ​​25 species are included in 13 genera consisting of 22 species of epiphytic orchids and 3 types of orchid (LIPI, 2002). The famous orchid from Siberut is the White Moon Orchid (Phalaenopsis amabilis), white flowers, thick fleshy leaves, 3-4 months long flowering with 7-15 florets in one stalk. Other orchids that can be found are Coelogyne incrasata, Eria nutans, Dendrobium paphyllum etc.

More search required …

Overview of flora in West Sumatra
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Primates: Hylobates klossii (Bilou or Dwarf Siamang), Presbytis potenziani (Joja or Lutung Mentawai), Simias concolor (simakobu), Macaca pagensis (Bokkoi or Beruk Mentawai) …

Mammals: There are about 28 species of mammals, 65% of which are endemic to genera, species and subspecies. Among the 28 species of mammals, the primate group became the main concern because the four species of primates in Mentawai are endemic. There are 7 species of squirrel, 5 species of which are endemic: Callosciurus melanogster, Sundasciurus fraterculus, Lariscus obscurus, Iomys sipora and Hylopetes sipora … Three species of rats in Siberut are endemic subspecies of the Mentawai islands Rattus tiamonicus mentawi (commonly found at home house and forest edge), Rattus surifer pagensis (live in primary forest, colorful body and around brown neck, black back, white belly and both sides of tungging and thighs of old yellow), Hundred sabanus siporanus (found in the forest black primers on the top and bottom white).

Siberut has only three carnivores, two species of civet are endemic at the subspecies level and one species of beaver (Aonyx cinerea). Weeds that live in Siberut are very different from civets commonly found in Sumatra. None of these traits are encountered in civets living in Siberut so-called primitive weasels. The two species of civets are: Paradoxurus hermaproditus siberu and Hemigalus derbyanus sipora.

The largest mammals that live in Siberut are Sambar (Cervus unicolor oceanus). These animals are often hunted if around the village or hunted by using a mesh in the forest.

Marine mammals in the waters of Siberut Island consist of whales, spotted dolphins (Stenella longirostris, Delphinus sp and Grampus sp) are often seen around the eastern coast of Siberut and dugongs (Dugong-dugon) which are very rare in waters East Coast.

Birds: In Siberut Island there are many bird species of 106 birds, 13 species (12%) of which are endemic to subspecies. The only species of endemic bird on the island is the Mentawai Celepuk (Otus Mentawai). The inventory of Siberut National Park (2000) has 134 species of birds in Siberut.

The birds occupy the profile stratification of the forest, where the main canopy (> 25 m) inhabitants are hornbills, hawks, crows, parrots, etc. Inhabitants of the middle canopy (10-25 m) inhabited with birds of punai, kutilang, srigunting etc. In the lower canopy (4-10 m) inhabited by birds of honey, magpie, lathe etc. Most traded birds are parrots (Gracula religiosa batuensis) and stone magpie.

Reptiles-Amphibious-Fish: According to the writings of A. Whitten, J. Dring and Mitchell (1982), there are 21 amphibian species on Siberut Island and one of them is the endemic type frog that is Rana signata siberut. While from reptilia there are 62 species and 3 of them are endemic snake species that is Calamaria klossii and Oligodon sp. of the Colubrinae tribe as well as the Boiga nigriceps brevicauda of the Boiginae tribe.

The reptile species are Gekkonidae / gecko 6 species, Varadinae / lizard 1 species, Scincidae / Lizard 7 species, Columbrinae / Snake 11 species, Boidae / species 2 species, Xenopeltidae / snake 1 species, Natricinae / 2 species water snake, Agamidae / lizard 8 species, Boiginae / Snake 7 species, Elapidae / Serpent Viper 2 species, Viperidae / Serpent Viper 5 species, 2 species of turtle, 2 species Cheloniidae / turtle, Dermochelyidae / leatherback 1 species, Crocodylidae / crocodile 1 species, Homalopsinae / snake 1 species, Sibynophinae / snake 1 species and Pareinae / snake 2 species.

Insects: Based on the inventory of insects by Siberut National Park Office in 1999, identified 45 families belonging to 11 orders. So in Siberut there are 29.4% of the order and 5.9% of the family of insects found in the world. The Ordinary Order consists of 5 tribes, Orthopterid consists of 4 tribes, Dermaptera consists of 1 tribe, Hymenoptera consists of 5 tribes, Coleoptera consists of 11 tribes, Hemiptera consists of 4 tribes, Lepidoptera consists 9 tribes, Phasmida consists of 1 tribe, Odonata consists of 4 tribes and Isoptera consists of 1 tribe.

Results of the inventory of Siberut National Park Hall in 1999, found 12 butterfly families consisting of 45 genera with 60 species of butterflies. Of these types there are 1 species that are endemic to the Mentawai Islands is Chyntia sipora from family Nymphalidae. Currently butterflies have no economic value but in the era of 80 many foreigners who buy butterflies in the community, especially Japanese people.

More search required …

overview of fauna in West Sumatra
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. pika.ksdae.menlhk.go.id; September 2017
  2. tfcasumatera.org; September 2017
  3. mab-indonesia.org; September 2017
  4. id.wikipedia.org; Septemebr 2017
  5. kompasiana.com; September 2017
  6. …?
Blog
  1. …?
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2016; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link:drive.google.com)
  3. PERATURAN DAERAH PROVINSI SUMATERA BARAT NOMOR 13 TAHUN 2012 TENTANG RENCANA TATA RUANG WILAYAH PROVINSI SUMATERA BARAT TAHUN 2012 – 2032 (Link:drive.google.com)
  4. STATUS LINGKUNGAN HIDUP DAERAH PROVINSI SUMATERA BARAT 2011; Ir. Siti Aisyah, MSi, Mulyadi, SE, R. Rina Ariani, SE, Desi Widia Kusuma SSi, Yuliastuti MSi, Desrizal, ST, Aulia Azhar, AMd, Riki Suardi, SKom, Adirla Wirmanista Harpenasti, ST, M.Arief Noviady, ST, Adrian, ST, Luce Dwinanda, SP, Aulia Ramadani, SSi, Prisilla Yumeri,SE; Bapedalda Provinsi Sumatera Barat, 2012 (Link:drive.google.com)
  5. ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN CAGAR BIOSFER SIBERUT KABUPATEN KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI PROVINSI SUMATERA BARAT; Sahadi Didi Ismanto, Alumni Program Studi Ilmu Lingkungan Pasca Sarjana Universitas Andalas; Dr.Ardinis Arbain dan Prof.Dr.Ir.Helmi,MSc sebagai Ketua dan Anggota Komisi Pembimbing, tahun…? (Link:drive.google.com)
  6. MODEL KONSERVASI PRIMATA ENDEMIK DI CAGAR BIOSFER PULAU SIBERUT, SUMATERA BARAT ; M. Bismark, Pusat Litbang Konservasi dan Rehabilitasi, 2012 (Link:drive.google.com)
  7. SUKSESI SEKUNDER PASCA TEBANG PILIH HUTAN PAMAH DIPTEROCARPS DIDESA TAILELEU, TAMAN NASIONAL PULAU SIBERUT, SUMATERA BARAT; Herwint Simbolon, Puslit Biologi-LIPI, 2001 (Link:drive.google.com)
  8. …?
 

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