Rawa Singkil Wildlife Reserve

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REGULATION

Gov. Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry Number 166/Kpts-II/1998
Date Februari 26, 1998
Large (Hektar) 102.500
Technical implementation Unit BKSDA NAD
Note Rawa Singkil is designated as Natural Landscape Area based on Forestry Minister’s Decree no. 166 / Kpts-II / 1998 on the change of function and appointment of Singkil Swamp Forest area located in South Aceh Regency of 102,500 hectares into Nature Reserve area by the name of Rawa Singkil Wildlife Sanctuary. However, the Decree of the Minister of Environment and Forestry No. 103 / MenLHK-II / 2015 determines the area to be reduced to 81,338 hectares.

Until 1992, Rawa Singkil was the last remaining intact swamp forest still intact and still lagging on the west coast of Sumatra. (Giesen et al., 1992)

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Nangroe Aceh Darussalam
City/Regency Kabupaten Aceh Singkil
District Kecamatan Singkil
Village

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl);
Topology&Geology;
This region has peat domes of varying thickness, alluvium dykes and valleys, bumpy beaches and moist meadows, muddy plains, and terraced sea beds. Vegetation of existing plants reflects this mosaic in the form of freshwater forests, peat swamp forests, swamp forests, mangrove forests and riverine forests. (Leuser Development Program, 1995)
Climate;
The city has a tropical climate. This is a lot of rainfall in Singkil, even in the driest month. Climate classification Köppen-Geiger is Af.
Temperature;
rate 26.8 °C;  Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…

POTENTIAL BIOTIK AREA

Habitat

Mountain;
Lake;
River;
River Lae Soraya; Watershed Alas

Flora

Endemik
Identification Data from the Forest Service of Aceh Singkil district in 2004 showed that the trees were dominated by Meranti wood species, sea / semantok resin trees, Lime trees, Kerwing trees, Lesion trees / Medang trees.

Soerianegara (1996) also confirms that Swamp Forest is also rich in high-value tree species such as Alstonia pneumatophora, Campnosperma macrophylla, Dyera lowii, Pentapadon motleyi, Elaeocarpus littoralis, Palaquium leicarpum, Shorea balangeran, Lophopethalum multinervium, and others.

more search needed …

Overview of flora in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Primates: Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii), monkeys (Macaca nemestrina), long-tailed monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), Gibbon (Hylobates sp) and gibbon (Symphalangus sp).

Mammals: Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), deer (Cervus unicolor), deer (Muntiacus muntjak) and wild boar (Sus scrofa). Sun bears may also still be found in some swamp forests, although the population may not be as dense as it used to be. (van Schaik, 1999)

Birds: Wetland International-Indonesia research program shows that the Singkil swamp is a habitat for approximately 40 species of birds. Some species of birds have high conservation value such as clothing (Ciconia stormi) belonging to endangered species, white wing ducks (Cairina scutulata) and tongtong storks (Leptoptilos javanicus) which are considered threatened by IUCN red list (1994).

more search needed …

Overview of fauna in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. leuserfoundation.org; Juli 2017
  2. tfcasumatera.org; Juli 2017
  3. leuserconservation.org; Juli 2017
  4. mongabay.co.id; Juli 2017
  5. id.climate-data.org; Juli 2017
Blog
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2016; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. PERANAN PENDIDIKAN KONSERVASI DALAM PENYELAMATAN KAWASAN SUAKA MARGASATWA RAWA SINGKIL; Yayasan Ekosistem Lestari 2008 (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. LAPORAN SEMENTARA-HASIL PENGAMATAN POTENSI WISATA TERBATAS DI SUAKA MARGASATWA RAWA SINGKIL; oleh Joko Guntoro dan tim, Yayasan Ekosistem Lestari 2010 (Link: drive.google.com)
  5. Kandungan Karbon Rawa Singkil dan Potensi Pengembangan Produk Jasa Lingkungan di Kabupaten Aceh Singkil dan Kota Subulussalam; oleh Onrizal, Erwin A Perbatakusuma dan Nurdin Sulistiyono 2011, Departemen Kehutanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Conservation International Indonesia (link: drive.google.com)
  6. Profil dan Progres Pengelolaan 12 KPHK Non Taman Nasional 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  7. Profil dan Progres Pengelolaan 12 KPHK Non Taman Nasional; Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Direktorat Jenderal KSDAE 2016 (Link: drive.google.com)
 
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