Mt. Tambora National Park

REGULATION


Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Environment and Forestry 111/MenLHK-II/2015
Date April 7,2015
Large (Hektar) consist of:

1. Nature Reserve: 23.840,81 hektare,

2. Wildlife Reserve: 21.674,68 hektare,

3. Hunting Park: 26.130,25 hektare

Total: 71. 645, 74 hektare

Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Gunung Tambora
Note Based on Local Regulation no. 7 Year 2013 on the Master Plan of Regional Tourism Development Year 2013 – Year 2028, Tambora Area into a single destination with Teluk Saleh and Moyo Island known as “SAMOTA”. This area becomes one of the eleven regional strategic tourism areas, and according to the Regional Regulation Tambora will be developed as a mountain tourism object into a unified development with marine tourism in the Bay of Saleh and Moyo Island.

Given the status of conservation area conservation, wildlife sanctuary and hunting park is not possible to support the development of nature tourism, the NTB Provincial Government, two years ago, on April 11, 2013 to the Minister of Forestry proposed changes to the function of nature reserves, wildlife sanctuaries and parks hurry of Mount Tambora covering 71,645,74 Ha into Tambora Mountain National Park.

The area of ​​Mount Tambora National Park is then designated based on Decree of the Minister of Environment and Forestry Number SK.111 / Menlhk-II / 2015, dated 7 April 2015 covering 71,645.74 hectares.

This national park was inaugurated by President Joko Widodo on April 11, 2015, to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the great eruption of Mount Tambora on April 11, 1815.

The conservation area of ​​Mount Tambora has tremendous biodiversity potential. Vegetation that grow there consists of 106 species of trees, 18 species of epiphytes, 6 types of herbs, 39 species of liana, and 49 species of shrubs.

The conservation area of ​​Mount Tambora is a habitat for various species of animals including mammals (Timor deer), reptiles (lizards, tree lizards, pythons), primates (kera abu) and aves. There are 8 species of protected birds, one of which is an endangered periority species and two species of birds endemic to West Nusa Tenggara.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION


Province Nusa Tenggara Barat
City/Regency 1. Kabupaten Bima

2. Kabupaten Dompu

District 1.1 Kecamatan Tambora

2.1 Kecamatan Pekat

Village 1.1.1 Desa Oui Bura; 1.1.2 Desa Kawinda Nae; 1.1.3 Desa Kawinda Toi; 1.1.4 Desa Upt Sori Panihi SP3

2.1.1 Desa Doropeti; 2.1.2 Desa Upt Nangakara; 2.1.3 Desa Tambora

PHYSICAL CONDITION


Elevation (mDpl)
0-2.850
Topology&Geology
 –
Climate
type climate ..(Schmit&Ferguson)
Temperature
-; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …

POTENTIAL BIOTIC AREA


Habitat

Mountain
Mt. Tambora;
Lake
 –
River

Flora

Endemik
Identification The vegetation type of Mount Tambora National Park varies, at an altitude of 200 m – 700 m above sea level the vegetation type is a dry evergreen forest dominated by Walikukun walikukun (Schoutenia ovata), Kelanggo / Rajumas (Duabanga mollucana), Rida / Pulai (Alstonia scholaris), Monggo / Jambu Forest (Eugenia polyantha), Binuang (Tetrameles nudiflora), Bayur (Pterospermum javanicum), Wangkal (Albizia procera), Linggua (Pterocarpus indicus) and so forth.

At an altitude above 700 m above sea level the vegetation type is a secondary forest dominated by bushes and shrubs. At an altitude above 900 m above sea level the vegetation type is a savanna with Lake Cashew (Casuarina junghuniana) and Edelweis (Anaphalis javanica), while at an altitude above 1,200 m above sea level is a savanna vegetation overgrown with alang- alang (Imperata cylindrica), reed grass (Cyperus rotundus), Lantana (Lantana camara), Kirinyuh (Euphatorium sp) and so forth.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in West Nusa Tenggara
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Birds: dominated by both protected and unprotected bird species such as Yellow Crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea), Red Chief (Geofroyyus geofroyyi), Australian Merik or Meratus (Merops ornatus), Green Forest Chickens (Gallus gallus ), Srigunting (Dicrurus densus), Gray Turquoise (Lanius scach), Black Head Punglor (Zoothera doherty), Australian Honey Suck (Lichmera indistincta), Honey Hats Scales (Lichmera lombokia), Kites (Falco cinerhoides), Sip Honey Cap Scales (Lichmera lombokia), Eagle bondol (Heliastur indus), …

Mammals: Timor deer (Cervus timorensis), Pig Forest (Sus scrova), …

Primates: Gray monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), …

Reptiles: which can be found among others Lizard (Varanus salvator), Snake python (Phyton sp), Cyrtodactylus sp, …

Insect: species of scorpion and spider ie Stylocellus sp. And Sarax sp., And two species of moths namely Ernolatia sp. and Xyleutes sp. In addition there is also the potential of honey bee that is used by the surrounding community to take the honey …

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in West Nusa Tenggara
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:


Website
  1. bksdantb.org; September 2017
  2. setkab.go.id; September 2017
  3. ekspedisi.biologi.lipi.go.id; September 2017
  4. ekspedisi.biologi.lipi.go.id; September 2017
  5. id.wikipedia.org; September 2017
Blog
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. PERATURAN DAERAH PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA BARAT NOMOR 3 TAHUN 2010 TENTANG RENCANA TATA RUANG WILAYAH PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA BARAT TAHUN 2009–2029 (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. Keanekaragaman tumbuhan tinggi dan paku-pakuan di Gunung Tambora, Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat: 200 tahun setelah letusan dan potensinya; YESSI SANTIKA&ARIEF HIDAYAT, Herbarium Bogoriense, Bidang Botani, Pusat Penelitian Biologi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI); 2017 (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. …?
 

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