Mt. Slamet

PROFILE;


Maps;  Google Map  Link
(*only for information);
Name:
Mt. Slamet; Mt Agung [referred to as Mt Agung in a Sundanese manuscript of the adventure of Bujangga Manik is Mount Slamet (J. Noorduyn)]
Note:
The Dutch historian J. Noorduyn theorizes that the name “Slamet” is relatively new, ie after the entry of Islam into Java (the word is an Arabic loan). He argues that the so-called Gunung Agung in the Sundanese manuscript of the adventure of Bujangga Manik is Mount Slamet, based on the exposure of the mentioned location
Crater IV is the last crater that is still active until now, and last active until the level of standby medio-2009.Mount Slamet is formed due to Indo-Australian Plate subduction on the Eurasian Plate in the south of Java Island. Cracks in the plates open the lava path to the surface. Records of eruptions are known since the 19th century. The mountain is active and often has small-scale eruptions.This mountain has a forest area of Dipterocarp Hill, Upper Dipterocarp forest, Montana forest, and Ericaceous Forest or mountain forest.
Conservation:
Curug Bengkawah Nature Reserve; Guci Nature Reserve;

GOVERMENT ADMINISTRATION


Province Central Java
City / Regency
  1. Kabupaten Pemalang
  2. Kabupaten Purbalingga
  3. Kabupaten Banyumas
  4. Kabupaten Tegal
Distrik 1.1 Kecamatan Pulosari

2.1 Kecamatan Karangreja; 2.2 Kecamatan Bojongsari;

3.1 Kecamatan Sumbang; 3.2 Kecamatan Baturaden; 3.3 Kecamatan Kedung Banteng

4.1 Kecamatan Bumijawa; 4.2 Kecamatan Bojong

Village 1.1.1 Desa Gunungsari; 1.1.2 Desa Penakir; 1.1.3 Desa Batursari; 1.1.4 Desa Jurang Mangu

2.1.1 Desa Serang;

2.2.1 Desa Bumisari;

3.1.1 Desa Gandatapa; 3.1.2 Desa Limpakuwus;

3.2.1 Desa Kemutug Lor; 3.2.2 Desa Katenger;

3.3.1 Desa Melung

4.1.1 Desa Guci; 4.1.2 Desa Sigedong

4.2.1 Desa Dukuh Tengah; 4.2.2 Desa Kedawung;

PHISICAL CONDITION


Shape;
Stratovulcano
Condition;
a vulcano / a active
History of eruption;
1772; August 11-12, eruption of ash and lava
1825; October, an ash eruption occurred
1835; September (2 days), an ash eruption occurred
1847; Enhanced activity
1849; December 1, an ash eruption occurred
1860; March 19 and 11 April, an ab eruption
1875; May, June, November and December, an ash eruption occurred
1885; 21- 30 March, an ash eruption occurred
1890; An ash eruption occurred
1904; July 14 – August 9, an ash and lava eruption occur
1923; June, an ash and lava eruption occurred
1926; November (for a week), an ash and lava eruption occurred
1927; February 27, an ash and lava eruption occurred
1928; 20 – 29 March and 8 – May 12, an ash and lava eruption occurred
1929; 6, 7 and 15 June, an ash and lava eruption occurred
1930; 2 – 13 April, eruption of ash and lava
1932; July 1 and September 12, an ash and lava eruption occurred
1934; Increased activity
1939; March 20, late April, May 6, July 15 and December 4, an ash eruption
1940; 15 – 20 March and 15 April, an ash eruption occurred
1943; March 18, 1 – October 10, there is an increase in activity, ash rain and the sound of boom
1944; 5 January, 30 June, July and 28 – 30 October, an increase in activity
1948; 14 November, there was an increase in activity
1949; There was an increase in activity
1951; February 11, June 26, July 2, August 24, October and December 30, an increase in activity
1952; January 1, an increase in activity
1953; July, August and October, an ash and lava eruption occurred
1955; 12 – 13 November, 6 and 16 December, there was an ash and lava eruption
1957; February 8, an ash eruption occurred
1958; 17 April, 4 and 6 May, 5 and 13 September, October, an ash and lava eruption occurred
1960; December, an ash eruption occurred
1961; January, an ash eruption occurred
1966; An ash eruption occurred
1969; June, July and August, an ash eruption occurred
1973; August, there was a burst of lava in the crater
1988; 12 – 13 July, eruption of ash and lava
1989; 9 – end of October, seismicity increases
1990; February 20 – March 29, there is an increase in seismicity
1991; June 28 – July 9, an increase in seismicity
1992; March 12 – April 4, an increase in seismicity
2000; an increase in seismicity
2004; November, blowing tremor
2005; July 21st, blowing tremors
2009; Volcanic activity G. Slamet was raised from Waspada (Level II) to Standby (Level III) on 23 April 2009 at 18:00 WIB. The upgrading of this activity lasted until July 2009
Elevation (meters above sea level);
3.428 m (11.247 ft)
Type of eruption;
Based on the historical record of the eruption, in general the eruption of Mount Slamet is an ash eruption accompanied bursts of sekoria and incandescent, occasionally issued a lava incandescent. The eruption lasted several days, in extraordinary circumstances reaching a few weeks.

In the event of a major eruption, such as the eruption of Mount Agung (1962), Mount Galunggung (1982) or Mount Colo (1983), the main danger of Mount Slamet eruption or primary hazard (direct hazard due to eruption) is a hot clouds slide, pyroclastic flares (volcanic bomb , lapilli, sand and ash) and possibly lava flows. The secondary hazard (the indirect danger of eruption) is the rain lava that occurs after the eruption when it rains heavily around the peak.

The far-reaching distribution of pyroclastic falls, depending on the height of the blast and the wind blowing at the time of the eruption, especially the spread of ash and sand rain. Eruption Period. The eruption of Mount Slamet repeatedly in the tempo, lasting the longest to several weeks (less than a month).

The shortest break period between two eruptions lk. 1 year and longest 53 years. For lk break period. 1 year may still be a single phase of eruption or follow-up activity.

Topology & Geology;
The sedimentary eruption of Mount Slamet from old to young was all quartered, covering tertiary-aged sedimentary rocks. Some of the eruptions of G. Slamet include 5 districts with an area of ​​1500 km2 consisting of precipitated Piroklastika droppings, lava flows, lava, hot clouds and surface deposits of Alluvial and Flluvial. Generally, the lava deposits found in Mount Slamet are Andesitic.

Geological structure that develops in the area of ​​Mount Slamet and surrounding areas, generally in the form of normal faults are commonly found in the group Slamet Tua. Traces of this fault in the field are found in the form of Breksiasi, scratch fault line, destruction zone, alignment of hills and valleys, straight and steep escape and sharp contact between rock units. Based on the criteria mentioned above, the geological structure that developed in Mount Slamet can be divided into 3 pieces of fault structure are: Normal Fault Jegjeg, Normal Fault Marinating, Normal Fault Mengger, Graben Guci, Normal Si Jambang Fault, Normal Fault Buntu, Normal Fault Mount Gratamba, Normal Karanggondang Fault, Normal Fault Kubangan, Normal Fault of Kalipagu and Normal Fault Gangs.

Temperature;
Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…

SOURCE


website
  1. vsi.esdm.go.id; May 2018
  2. id.wikipedia.org; May 2018;
  3. geologi.co.id; May 2018
  4. …?
Blog
  1. …?;
PDF
  1. POTENSI PANAS BUMI INDONESIA JILID 1, halaman 551; Direktorat Panas Bumi, Ditjen EBTKE, Pusat Sumber Daya Mineral, Batubara, dan Panas Bumi, Badan Geologi 2017 (Link; drive.google.com)
  2. GEOKIMIA PANAS BUMI GUNUNGAPI SLAMET JAWA TENGAH; Mamay Surmayadi, Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi; Seminar Nasional Fakultas Teknik Geologi, Bandung 24 Mei 2014  (Link; drive.google.com)
  3. Pengaruh Struktur Geologi Gunung Slamet Muda dan Tua Terhadap Pola Sebaran Panas Bumi; Asmoro Widagdo, Teknik Geologi, Fakultas Sains dan Teknik, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto; Adi Candra, Teknik Geologi, Fakultas Sains dan Teknik, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto; Sachrul Iswahyudi, Teknik Geologi, Fakultas Sains dan Teknik, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto; Chalid Idham Abdullah, Teknik Geologi, Fakultas Ilmu dan Teknologi Kebumian, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung; IRWNS 2013 (Link; drive.google.com)
  4. STRUKTUR GEOLOGI DAN LITOLOGI SEBAGAI KONTROL MUNCULNYA MATAAIR PANAS GUCI DAN BATURADEN, JAWA TENGAH; Sri Indarto, Haryadi Permana, Eddy Z. Gaffar, Hendra Bakti, Andrie Al Kautsar, Heri Nurohman, Sudarsono, Yayat Sudradjat, Iwan Setiawan, Ahmad F. Ismayanto dan Anita Yuliyanti; Pusat Penelitian Geoteknologi LIPI; Ris.Geo.Tam Vol. 27, No.1, Juni 2017 (97-109) (Link; drive.google.com)
  5. Gunung Slamet; Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral, year…?(Link; drive.google.com)
  6. KARAKTERISASI BATUAN INTRUSI SEKITAR GUNUNG API SLAMET BERDASARKAN ANALISIS PETROGRAFI, UNSUR UTAMA, DAN UNSUR JEJAK DAERAH BATURRADEN DAN SEKITARNYA, KABUPATEN BANYUMAS, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH; Dientya Azwarredda Pasha, Teknik Geologi, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto; Afif Nur’aini, Mirzam Abdurrachman, Teknik Geologi, Fakultas Ilmu Teknologi Kebumian, Institut Teknologi Bandung; Mochammad Aziz, Teknik Geologi, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto; PROCEEDING, SEMINAR NASIONAL KEBUMIAN KE-8 Academia-Industry Linkage 15-16 OKTOBER 2015; GRHA SABHA PRAMANA (Link; drive.google.com)
  7. EKOLOGI GUNUNG SLAMET, Geologi, Klimatologi, Biodiversitas dan Dinamika sosial; Ibnu Maryanto, Mas Noerdjito, Tukirin Partomihardjo; Pusat Penelitian Biologi-LIPI bekerjasama dengan Universitas Jenderal Sudirman 2012 (Link; drive.google.com)
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