Mt. Sindoro

PROFILE;


Maps;  Google Map  Link
(*only for information);
Name:
Mt. Sindoro; Mt. Sindara; Mt. Sundoro
Note:
The crater accompanied by a cliff can be found on the northwestern side to the south of the mountain, and the largest is called Kembang. A small lava dome occupies the top of a volcano. History of the eruption of Mount Sindara which has occurred mostly mild to moderate type (phreatic eruption).

The forests in Mount Sundoro have the type of Dipterocarp Hill forest, Upper Dipterocarp forest, Montane forest, and Ericaceous Forest or mountain forest…

Conservation:
Telaga Warna-Pengilon Nature Tourist Park;

GOVERMENT ADMINISTRATION


Province Central Java
City / Regency
  1. Kabupaten Wonosobo;
  2. Kabupaten Temanggung;
Distrik 1.1 Kecamatan Kejajar; 1.2 Kecamatan Kertek; 1.3 Kecamatan Garung;

2.1 Kecamatan Candiroto; 2.2 Kecamatan Bansari; 2.3 Kecamatan Ngadirejo; 2.4 Kecamatan Kledung;

Village 1.1.1 Desa Sigedang; 1.1.2 Desa Buntu;

1.2.1 Desa Pagerejo; 1.2.2 Desa Kapencar; 1.2.3 Desa Tlogomulyo; 1.2.4 Desa Damarkasiyan;

1.3.1 Desa Lengkong; 1.3.2 Desa Kayugiyang; 1.3.3 Desa Jengkol;

2.1.1 Desa Canggal;

2.2.1 Desa Mranggen tengah; 2.2.2 Desa Candisari; 2.2.3 Desa Mranggen Kidul; 2.2.4 Desa Tlogowero

2.3.1 Desa Giripurno; 2.3.2 Desa Katekan;

2.4.1 Desa Tuksari; 2.4.2 Desa Jeketro; 2.4.3 Desa Kwadungan Gunung; 2.4.4 Desa Kwadungan Jurang; 2.4.5 Desa Tlahap;

PHISICAL CONDITION


Shape;
Stratovulcano
Condition;
a vulcano / a active
History of eruption;
  • 1806: the eruption at the top of the mountain still doubted its truth.
  • 1818: an ash eruption, spreading to the coast of Pekalongan, the moon is unknown (junghuhn, 1850, p.293).
  • 1882: Ashes of ash in Mount Kembang. The ashes fall to Kebumen. Between 1-7 April may occur leleran lava on the northwestern slope. (Natuurk. Tijdschr, Nederl, Ind., 1884, v.43, p. 144-145).
  • 1883: August? (Natuurk. Tijdschr, Nederl, Ind., 1886, v.45, p.45 and 1905, v.64, p.96-98)
  • 1887: explosive sound on November 13-14 (Natuurk. Tijdschr.Nederl.ind., 1889, v. 48, p.201).
  • 1902: May 1-25, its activity is limited to mud boobs and stone throws that fall back in the eruption hole (Jacobson, 1909, Koninkl, Nederl, Aardrijksk, Genoot, Tijdschr, seri2, 1909, p.447)
  • 1903: 16-21 October, eruption in fracture times Prupuk above Flower between height 2850-2980 m. The ash rains reached Kejajar and Garung (van Bosse, 1913).
  • 1906: September 22 – December 20, eruption at fracture S1 and the formation of K5 in the southern plains of sand Z1. On September 25th. ash rain in Kledung (Natuurk. Tijdschr Nederl. Ind., 1908, v.67, p.58).
  • 1908: 10 February, there was a roar. (Natuurk. Tijdschr, Nedetl Ind., 1910, v.69, p.107).
  • 1910: January, at Temanggung occasionally there was a roar (Natuurk Tijdschr, Nederl, Ind., 1908, v.67, p.58).
  • 1970: After a break for 60 years there is again an increase in activity without producing an eruption. Hamidi and Hadian (June 1973), had climbed the summit, as did Reksowirogo, but did not appear to be the former eruption.
Elevation (meters above sea level);
3.150 mdpl (10.335 ft)
Type of eruption;
From the history and deposition of eruption results, estimated eruption of strombolian type dominates the character of volcano eruption of Sundoro…
Topology & Geology;
According to Neumann van Padang (1951, p.112), Mount Sundoro is a very regular volcano cone, separated from Mount Sumbing by Pelana Kledung (1405 m). In the eastern part of the flat peak of 400 x 300 m there is a large K1 – K2 twin crater measuring 210 x 150 m, while the plains of Segero Wedi, Banjaran, Z3 and Z4, in the west and north, are the remains of the main and secondary craters.

Cones and parasitic craters are found on the southwestern and northeast slopes and in the southeast foot. Several hundred hills on the northeast foot according to Taverne and van Bemmelen are the residual erosion of a landslide before the land before history or from lava. Volcanic rock sediment of Mount Sundoro is the result of central eruption, side and secondary sediment. The result of central eruption consists of lava, hot cloud / pyroclastic flow, pyroclastic fall and phreatic deposits, whereas side eruption results are generally lava flows, and the result of secondary process is lava.

Based on visual observation there is not a single copy of solfatara or fumarola that appears on the surface …

Temperature;
Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…

SOURCE


website
  1. vsi.esdm.go.id; May 2018
  2. geomagz.geologi.esdm.go.id; May 2018
  3. id.wikipedia.org; May 2018;
  4. bencana-kesehatan.net; May 2018
  5. kompasiana.com; May 2018
  6. …?
Blog
  1. …?;
PDF
  1. Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral, Badan Geologi (Link; drive.google.com)

  2. KIMIA AIR TANAH DI CEKUNGAN AIR TANAH MAGELANG-TEMANGGUNG
    BAGIAN BARAT, KABUPATEN TEMANGGUNG DAN MAGELANG, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH; Syera Afita Ratna*, Doni Prakasa Eka Putra, I Wayan Warmada(Penulis); Departemen Teknik Geologi, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada; PROCEEDING, SEMINAR NASIONAL KEBUMIAN KE-8, Academia-Industry Linkage, 15-16 OKTOBER 2015; (Link; drive.google.com)
  3. …?

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