Mt. Rinjani National Park

REGULATION


Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry  No 280/Kpts-VI/1997
Date Juni 3,1997
Large (Hektar) 41.330,00
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Gunung Rinjani
Note Mount Rinjani National Park is one of the ecosystems with rainforest type of mountains and savannahs located on the island of Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. This national park is established through the Decree of the Minister of Forestry No. 280 / Kpts-II / 1997…

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION


Province Nusa Tenggara Barat
City/Regency
  1. Kabupaten Lombok Timur
  2. Kabupaten  Lombok Utara
  3. Kabupaten Lombok Tengah
District 1.1 Kecamatan Sembalun; 1.2 Kecamatan Sikur; 1.3 Kecamatan Pringgasela; 1.4 Kecamatan Aikmel

2.1 Kecamatan Bayan

3.1 Kecamatan Batukliang Utara

Village

PHYSICAL CONDITION


Elevation (mDpl)
550-3.726
Topology&Geology
In the canyon of the mountains (2.800mdpl) there is a dead crater due to the eruption of Mount Rinjani which (estimated to occur in Plistocene times <1.8 million years ago) formed a vast lake (1,100hA) with beautiful scenery.

The lake is called Lake Segara Anak, from the Sasak language, which means the Small Sea.

The water depth of the lake is estimated to be about 160m – 230m, the water temperature of the lake varies from side one, to the other side. The water of the lake there is a very strong sulfur smell that looks like a very dangerous moffet, but some are smelling like mountain water.

In the middle of Segara Anak lake appears a new mountain called Mount Baru Jari. Mount Baru Jari is believed to increase in every year.

Climate
type climate …?(Schmit&Ferguson)
Temperature
-; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …

POTENTIAL BIOTIC AREA


Habitat

Mountain
Mt. Rinjani(3726m dpl);
Lake
River

Flora

Endemik
Identification Altitude <1000 m asl; There are such types as Beringin, (Ficus benyamina), Jelateng (Laportea stimulan), Jambu (Syzigium sp), Forest Pala (Myritica fatna), Buni Forest (Antdesma sp), Imba (Azadiractha indica), Bajur (Pterospermum javanicum ), Forest Randu (Gossampinus heptophylla), Terep (Artocarpus elastica), Harending (Melastoma sp), Pandan (Pandanus tectorius), Flower Keruing (Dipterocrapus haseltii), Salam (Syzigium polyantha).

Altitude 1,000 – 2,000 m asl; There are many plant species such as Orchids (Vanda, sp.), Meniran (Calicarpa sp), Jakut (Syzigium sp), Win / Garu (Dysoxylum sp), Sentul (Aglaia sp), Deduren (Aglaia argentea), Pandan (Pandanus tectorius ), Panda Pandan (Asplenium nidus), Glagah (Saccharum spontaneum), Imperata (Imperata cylindrica), Paku-pakuan (Cyclocorus sp), Eternal Flower (Anaphalis viscida), Lichen Beard (Usnea sp) and Large Rotan (Daemonorops sp ).

Altitude> 2,000 m asl; Many are dominated by Mountain Pines (Casuarina junghuhniana), Eternal Flower (Anaphalis viscida), Ward (Engelhardia spicata), Melela (Podocarpus vaccinium, Mountain Boyfriend (Vacinium caringiifolia), Cashew (Syzigium sp.) And Giant (Photinia noniana).

At an altitude of> 3,000 m above sea level near the peak of Rinjani almost bare and barren, sandy soil, rocky while under the peaks found many grass and shrubs that have thick leaves and spruce spruce mountains.

There are several locations of Mount Rinjani National Park that have been reforested with the types of plants, among others: Suren (Toona sureni), Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King), Kemiri (Aleurites moluccana), Jackfruit (Artocarpus integra)

Some species of endemic Flora Nusa Tenggara found in this region include Vernonia albiflora, Vernonia tengwalii and several types of orchids such as Peristylus rintjaniensis and Peristylus lombokensis (LIPI).

more search required …?

Overview of flora in West Nusa Tenggara
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Mammals: Weasel Rinjani (Paradoxurus-hermaproditus rhindjanicus), Wild Boar (Sus Scrofa), Ganggarangan Kecil (Vivvericula indica), Pangolin (Manis javanica), Leleko / Congkok (Felis bengalensis javanensis), Pangolin (Manis javanica), Timor deer (Cervus timorensis floresiensis), Hedgehog (Hystrix javanica), deer (Muntiacus muntjak nainggolani), …

Primates: Gray monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), Lutung (Tracyphitecus auratus cristatus), monkeys bud (Trachypithecus auratus kohlbruggei), …

Birds: Yellow Crested Cockatoos (Cacatua shulphurea parvula), Koakiau (Philemon buceroides neglectus), Perkici Red Chest (Trichoglossus haematodus), Honey Hats Blade (Lichmera lombokia), Punglor Head Red (Zootera interpres), Punglor Head Black (Zootera doherty) , cikukua horn (Philemon buceroides neglectus), forest dawah (Ducula lacernulata sasakensis), black caulking shrimp (Oriolus chinensis broderipii), …

Reptile:…

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in West Nusa Tenggara
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:


Website
  1. tnrinjani.net; September 2017
  2. rinjaninationalpark.com; September 2017
  3. id.wikipedia.org; September 2017
  4. …?
Blog
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. PERATURAN DAERAH PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA BARAT NOMOR 3 TAHUN 2010 TENTANG RENCANA TATA RUANG WILAYAH PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA BARAT TAHUN 2009–2029 (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. Struktur dan Komposisi Jenis-Jenis Pohon di Taman Nasional Gunung Rinjani bagian Selatan, Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat; Muhammad Mansur, Bidang Botani-Puslit Biologi-LIPI, 2015 (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. PERAN GEOPARK NASIONAL RINJANI DALAM MENDUKUNG PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA, GEOKONSERVASI DAN GEOWISATA; Roni Permadi, Politeknik Geologi dan Pertambangan AGP Bandung; Sahala manullang, Universitas Padjadjaran; Heryadi Rachmat, Museum Geologi, Badan Geologi Bandung; tahun…?(Link: drive.google.com)
  5. …?
 

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