Mt. Kelud

PROFILE;


Maps;  Google Map  Link
(*only for information);
Name:
Mt. Kelud ; [Kelut (java); KlutClootKloet, / Kloete Dutch)]
Note:
There is a magnetic field phenomenon which until now remains a mystery. Objects, especially metal moving up / altitude, against gravity. To this day there is still no scientific explanation about this phenomenon …
Conservation:
Besowo Gadungan Nature Reserve; Manggis Gadungan Nature Reserve

GOVERMENT ADMINISTRATION


Province East Java
City / Regency
  1. Kabupaten Kediri
  2. Kabupaten Blitar
  3. Kabupaten malang
Distrik 1.1 Kecamatan Kepung; 1.2 Kecamatan Puncu; 1.3 Kecamatan Ngancar;

2.1 Kecamatan Nglegok; 2.2 Kecamatan Garum; 2.3 Kecamatan Gandusari;

3.1 kecamatan Ngantang

Village 1.1.1 Desa Besowo;

1.2.1 Desa Satak;

1.3.1 Desa Sugihwaras;

2.1.1 Hutan Modangan; 2.1.2 Desa Sumberasri;

2.2.1 Desa Karangrejo;

2.3.1 Desa Ngaringan; 2.3.2 Desa Slumbung; 2.3.3 Desa Tulungrejo;

3.1.1 Desa Ngantru; 3.1.2 Desa Pandansari;

PHISICAL CONDITION


Shape;
Stratovulcano
Condition;
a vulcano /active
History of eruption;
  • 1000; Central Eruption
  • 1311,1334,1376; There is no detailed record
  • 1385,1395,1411; There is no detailed record
  • 1145,1462, 1481; There is no detailed record
  • 1548; There is no detailed record
  • 1586; There is no detailed record
  • 1641; There is no detailed record
  • 1716, July 20; There is no detailed record
  • 1752, May 1st; –
  • 1771, January 10; –
  • 1776; There is no detailed record
  • 1785; There is no detailed record
  • 1811, 5 June; There is no detailed record
  • 1825; –
  • 1826, 11-14; –
  • October 18-25;
  • 1835;-
  • 1848, May 16; –
  • 1851, January 24; There is no detailed record
  • 1864, January 3-4; There is no detailed record
  • 1901, May 22-23; The eruption of mt Kelud occurred at midnight between 22 and 23 May 1901…
  • 1920; The eruption of 1919 was the greatest disaster generated by the activity of Mount Kelud in the 20th century. The eruption occurred at midnight between the 19th and 20th of May 1919 marked by a loud banging sound even heard in Kalimantan.
  • 1920; –
  • 1951; Ash recorded down to Bandung …
  • 1966; After the 1951 eruption, the base of the new crater was 79 feet lower than the base of the previous crater. This crater base decrease causes the volume of lake water to reach about 21.6 million m3 before the 1966 eruption …
  • 1984; Increased Activity (seismicity). No eruption …
  • 1990; The eruption occurred on February 10, 1990, Volume of lake water which hannya approximately 1.8 million m3 is a factor that makes no occurrence of hot lava at the eruption this time …
  • 2007; The eruption in 2007 was considered “distorted” from Kelud’s basic behavior because the phreatic eruption (leleran with small eruptions) was not explosive as previous eruptions. In addition, this eruption produces a dome-shaped lava plug that causes the “lost” crater lake.
  • Kelud eruption 2014 is considered more powerful than in 1990. although it only lasted no more than two days and took 4 casualties due to follow-up events, not a direct result of the eruption.
    Increased activity has been detected at the end of 2013. However, the situation again calmed down. It was only later announced the status increase from Normal to Alert since February 2, 2014
Elevation (meters above sea level);
1.731 m (5.679 ft)
Type of eruption;
There are three kinds of eruption traits:

1. Semi-magmatic eruption is a phreatic eruption that occurs due to evaporation of the crater lake water that seeps through the crack at the bottom of the crater which simultaneously then exhaled onto the surface. This type of eruption generally initiated the activity of Mount Kelud especially trigger the occurrence of magmatic eruption.

2. Magmatic eruption is an eruption that produces new volcanic spices of lava, pyroclastic fall, and pyroclastic flow. Magmatic eruptions that occur are generally explosive influenced the addition of volcanic gas content along with increased energy eruption, especially heat energy.

3. Effusive eruptions, magma flowing to the surface, can form lava domes or flow to the slopes

Topology & Geology;
Kelud mountain (1731 m) is the product of the collision process between the Indo-Australian plate that plunges down the Asian plate precisely in the south of Java. As a young volcano that grows in the days of Kwarter Muda (Holosen), Kelud volcano is one of volcanoes in a series of volcanoes that grow and develop within the Blitar Sub Zone of the Solo Zone, starting from the southern part of central Java (Lawu Mountain) to Java the eastern (Raung mountain), which is bounded by the Southern Highlands fault escape. The development of this young volcano is very limited, it is visible from low volcano cones, irregular peaks, sharp and steep. The circumstances of these peaks are caused by the very destructive nature of the eruption accompanied by the growth of lava plugs such as the peak of Sumbing, Gajahmungkur and Kelud peak.

In morphology, Mount Kelud can be divided into 5 units of morphology (A.Djumarma, 1991) namely: Peak and Crater morphology units; The Morphological Unit of the Volcano Body; Side Cone Morphology Unit; The Morphology Unit of the Feet and Plains and Mountains of Morphological Units is approximately.
Morphological Unit Peak and crater has a height above 1000 m above sea level is composed by lava flows, lava domes, and pyroclastic rocks; irregular morphological forms, small hills with steep cliffs with slope slopes greater than 40, and flow patterns present in this morphological unit are radial flow patterns.
The Morphological Unit of the Volcano Body lies at an altitude between 600 – 1000 m asl, composed of pyroclastic rocks of flow, fall and lava sediment. The slope of the slope between (5 – 20), as well as the growing flow pattern is a radial – parallel pattern.
Unit of Conical Morphology The side consisting of Umbuk hill (1014 m) to the southwest, Pisang hill (865 m) to the south and Kramasan hill (944 m) south-east of G.Kelud slope. This unit is composed of lava flows, pyroclastic flows and lava domes. This morphological unit has a slope slope greater than 20.
The foot and plain morphology unit has a height of less than 600 m above sea level, a slope of less than 5 and a parallel-braided flow pattern, its lithology composed of lava deposits and pyroclastic fall.

Temperature;
Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…

SOURCE


website
  1. vsi.esdm.go.id; June 2018
  2. id.wikipedia.org; June 2018;
  3. radar.jawapos.com; June 2018
  4. tabloidwisata.com; June 2018
  5. …?
Blog
  1. …;
PDF
  1. Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral, Badan Geologi (Link; drive.google.com)
  2. Analisis Resiko Bencana Sebelum dan Setelah Letusan Gunung Kelud Tahun 2014 (Studi kasus di Kecamatan Ngantang, Malang); Sitti Febriyani Syiko, Program Magister Teknik Sipil Minat Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Universitas Brawijaya; Turniningtyas Ayu Rachmawati,Jurusan Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya; Arief Rachmansyah, Jurusan Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya; J-PAL, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2014 (Link; drive.google.com)
  3. DINAMIKA SPATIO-TEMPORAL DAMPAK ERUPSI GUNUNG KELUD DI KABUPATEN KEDIRI; Purwanto&Marhadi Slamet K, Universitas Negeri Malang; Kajian, Teori, dan Praktek dalam Bidang Pendidikan dan Ilmu Geografi Tahun 22, No. 1, Januari 2017, Halaman: 60-72 (Link; drive.google.com)
 

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