Mt. Gede Pangrango National Park

REGULATION[sg_popup id=”1″ event=”onload”][/sg_popup]

Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry no 174/Kpts-II/2003
Date Juni 10,2003
Large (Hektar) 15.196
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango
Note Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park is one of five National Parks announced by the government in 1980.

Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park has an area of 15,196 Ha, which includes Cibodas Nature Reserve, Cimungkat Nature Reserve and Situgunung Nature Park.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Jawa Barat
City/Regency 1. Kabupaten Cianjur

2. Kabupaten Bogor

3. Kabupaten Sukabumi

District 1.1 Kecamatan Cipanas; 1.2 Kecamatan Pacet; 1.3 Kecamatan Cugenang; 1.4 Kecamatan Warungkondang

2.1 Kecamatan Cigombong; 2.2 Kecamatan Caringin; 2.3 Kecamatan Ciawi; 2.4 Kecamatan Cisarua

3.1 Kecamatan Sukabumi; 3.2 Kecamatan Kadudampit; 3.3 Kecamatan Nagrak; 3.4 Kecamatan Caringin; 3.5 Kecamatan Ciambar

Village 1.1.1 Desa Cimacan; 1.2.1  Desa Cipendawa; 1.2.2 Desa Ciherang; 1.2.3 Desa Ciputri; 1.3.1 Desa Sukamulya; 1.4.1 Desa Bunikasih; 1.4.2 Desa Tegallega;

2.1.1 Desa Watesjaya; 2.2.1 Desa Tangkil; 2.3.1 Desa Bojong Murni; 2.4.1 desa Cibeureum; 2.4.2 Desa Tugu Selatan;

3.1.1 Desa Sundajaya Girang; 3.1.2 Desa Perbawati; 3.2.1 Desa Undrus Binangun; 3.2.2 Desa Cipetir; 3.2.3 Desa Sukamaju; 3.2.4 Desa Cikahuripan; 3.3.1 Desa Pawenang; 3.4.1 Desa Cimande; 3.5.1 Desa Wangunjaya

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
800-3.019
Topology&Geology
The high value of plant species diversity in the Park is due to high rainfall, sufficient sunshine, mountainous topography, fertile soil conditions and other supporting factors.

In some places bertopografi slope to flat, for example Surya Kencana square (50 Ha) located dikomplek Puncak Gede, Mandalawangi Square (5 Ha) at the top of Pangrango and the complex of Lake situgunung (15 Ha).

Climate
Climate Type A (Schmidt&Ferguson)
Temperature
10-18’C;  Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check… 

POTENTIAL BIOTIK AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Mt. Pangrango(3.019 m); Mt. Gde(2.958 m){Mt. Gumuruh(2.929 m); Mt. Masigit(2.500 m); Mt. Lingkung(2.100 m)}; Mt. Mandalawangi(2.044 m); Mt. Salak
Lake
Situgunung Lake
River

Flora

Endemik
Identification Overall the Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park includes the formation of tropical rainforests of the mountains with three major forest associations:

1. association puspa,

2. association puspa-jamuju as well

3. canteen forest association.

However, in addition to the three forest associations, there are several other local forest associations.

When viewed from the types of trees that dominate at each altitude, it can be grouped into zones as follows:

1. ZONA SUB MONTANA (800-1,400 meters) is characterized by three canopy layers dominated by rasamala (altingia excelsa) whose trees can reach 60 meters high and Castanopsis aegntea, Antidesma tetrandum and litsea Sp. And the bushes (Ardisia fulginosa and Dichera febrifuga). In addition, many types of plants, epiphytes and mosses, among them can be found begonia, ferns, orchids and red moss (Sphagnum gedeanum). One that is easily recognizable is the kind of fern (Asplenium nidus) that can reach up to 2 meters in diameter.

2. MONTANA ZONE (1,400-2,400 meters): It has several easily recognizable species: puspa (scima wallichii), jamuju (podocarpus imbricatus), and kijebung (polyosma illifocia).

3. SUB ALPIN ZONE (above 2,400 meters): characterized by canteen dominance (Vaccinium varingiaefolium) and even a single vegetation in the crater area. Other plants contained in this zone is an edelwish flower (anaphalis javanica) which by nature lovers is called a perennial flower because the flowers separti never wilt.

Based on the results of a survey conducted in 1990, it was reported that the diversity of plant species in the Park area, the number decreased with the higher places from the sea surface.

In Sub Montana zone there are 249 types of flora, Montana zone there are 185 species and in Sub Alpine zone there are only 36 types.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in West Java
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Bird: living in Gede Pangrango National Park 250 species or more than 50% of species of birds on the island of Java. Some species that are easy to find include javan eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi), tuktuk stack (Megalaina corvina), bird fan (Rhipidura phoenicura), horse (Garulax rutriforn), berecet (Alcippe phychoptera), srigunting (Dicrurus remifer), sepir (Perirotus miniatus), cingcoang (Myomela diora), forest distance (Herpactes reinwardtii), cicakopi (Pomatorhinus montanus) …

Mammals: leopard (Panthera pardus), jungle dog (Ciuon palnus), anteater (Manis javanica), mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus), deer (Muntiakus muntjak), …

Primates: owa (Hylobates moloch), surili (Presbytis comata), lutung (Trachypitechus auratus), gray monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) …

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in West Java
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. gedepangrango.org; Agustus 2017
  2. id.wikipedia.org; Agustus 2017
  3. wisatacibodas.com; Agustus 2017
Blog
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2016; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. Perda No 22 Tahun 1996 TENTANG PENGELOLAAN KAWASAN LINDUNG
    DI PROPINSI DAERAH TINGKAT I JAWA BARAT; Pemerintah Provinsi Jawa Barat (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. INVENTARISASI KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS TUMBUHAN DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG GEDE PANGRANGO; BARKAH ILHAM PURNAWAN, DEPARTEMEN KONSERVASI SUMBERDAYA HUTAN DAN EKOWISATA, FAKULTAS KEHUTANAN, INSTITUT PERTANIAN BOGOR 2006 (Link: drive.google.com)
  5. Struktur dan komposisi tegakan hutan di Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango, Jawa Barat; BENYAMIN DENDANG&WURI HANDAYANI, Balai Penelitian Teknologi Agroforestry 2015(Link: drive.google.com)
 

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