Mt. Dua Saudara Nature Reserve

REGULATION

Gov.Regulation Decree of the minister of Agriculture No 700/ Kpts/Um/2/1978
Date Februari 13, 1978
Large (Hektar) 4.299,00
Technical implementation Unit BKSDA Sulawesi Utara
Note

GOVERMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Sulawesi Utara
City/Regency Kotamadya Bitung
District Kecamatan Madidir
Village
  1. Desa Kadoodan
  2. Desa Madidir Weru

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
0-1.109
Topology&Geology
Climate
type climate  B (Schmidt&Ferguson)
Temperature
20′-25’C; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check… 

POTENTIAL BIOTIC AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Mt. Dua Saudara (1.109 mdpl);
Lake
River

Flora

Endemik
Identification in this region there are coro-dominated rain forest (Ficus septica Burm.f.), ares (Duabanga moluccana), forest gora (Phaleria capitata Jack.), Mango forest (Buchanania arborescens Bl.), Lengki (Leea angulata Korth.), starfish (Kleinchofia hospita L.), and bombongan (Bignoniaceae), and nantu (Palaquim obtusifolium). In the moss forest can be found edelweis (Anaphalis javanica) and various species of semar bag, one of them Nepenthes maxima.

In the area of Taman Batu Putih Park there are coastal plants such as ketapang, bitung, pandan, teak, and mahang (Macaranga).

more search required …?

Overview of flora in North Celebes
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Mammals: tarsius (Tarsius spectrum), cuscus (Ailurops ursinus), pygmy cuscus (Strigocuscus celebensis), anoa, squirrel (Tupaia sp), civet sulawesi (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii …

Primates: black monkey sulawesi (Macaca tongkeana), …

Birds: In 1980 there were 140 species of birds, including the year bird (Rhythitceras cassidix) and maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) endemic to Sulawesi. Other species include green-dwarf (Ducula aenea), hair-crested clippers (Dicrurus hottentottus), red-tipped stalls (Scissirostrum dubium), purple-cheeked shrimp (Cittura cyanotis), Ceyx fallax, (Otus manadensis), sulawesi grafting (Penelopides exarhatus).

Reptiles: Reptiles and snakes found are python reticulatus, cobra (Naja naja), snake anang (Ophiophagus hannah), Tropidolaemus wagleri, soa-soa (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), monitor lizard (Varanus indicus), and lizard flying red wings (Draco sp.) Sea animals include green turtles (Chelonia mydas), leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea), and Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata).

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in North Celebes
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. pika.ksdae.menlhk.go.id; September 2017
  2. id.wikipedia.org; September 2017
  3. pedomanwisata.com; September 2017
  4. triptrus.com; September 2017
  5. …?
Blog
  1. …?
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link:drive.google.com)
  2. PERATURAN DAERAH PROVINSI SULAWESI UTARA NOMOR 1 TAHUN 2014 TENTANG RENCANA TATA RUANG WILAYAH PROVINSI SULAWESI UTARA TAHUN 2014 – 2034 (Link:drive.google.com)
  3. KIPRAH KEHUTANAN 50 TAHUN SULAWESI UTARA 1964 – 2014; Margaretta Christita&Johanes Wiharisno,Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Manado, 2014 (Link:drive.google.com)
  4. ANOA DAN HABITATNYA DI SULAWESI UTARA; Diah Irawati Dwi Arini, BALAI PENELITIAN KEHUTANAN MANADO, 2013 (Link:drive.google.com)
  5. MANAJEMEN LANSKAP UNTUK PENANGGULANGAN KONFLIK DENGAN MONYET HITAM SULAWESI (Macaca nigra) DI SULAWESI UTARA; BALQIS NAILUFAR, SEKOLAH PASCASARJANA, INSTITUT PERTANIAN BOGOR, 2015 (Link:drive.google.com)
  6. PENGUASAAN TANAH DI DALAM KAWASAN CAGAR ALAM GUNUNG DUASUDARA DI KOTA BITUNG; WINDA DEVI MUNTU, BAGIAN HUKUM KEPERDATAAN, FAKULTAS HUKUM, UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN, MAKASSAR, 2012 (Link:drive.google.com)
  7. …?

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