Meru Betiri National Park

REGULATION

Gov.Regulation Minister of Agriculture Decree No 277/Kpts- VI/1997
Date Maret 31,1997
Large (Hektar) 58.000
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Meru Betiri
Note Meru betiri name taken from the name of the mountain contained in it, the mountain Meru and mountain betiri. So the national park is named Meru Betiri National Park. The location of Meru Betiri National Park located in two districts, makes some visitors call it by the name of Meru Betiri National Park banyuwangi or Meru Betiri National Park Jember. Both are the same.

This National Park has existed since the Dutch colonial era. In fact, the park was first inaugurated by the Dutch government in 1929. This park was inaugurated with the aim to maintain the naturalness, sustainability, and ecosystems in it. In 1979, the area was legitimately designated a protected forest area.

Then since 1982 Designated as a national park by the Minister of Agriculture and updated based on National Park designation approved by Decree of the Minister of Forestry no. 277 / Kpts- VI / 97.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Jawa Timur
City/Regency
  1. Kabupaten Banyuwangi
  2. Kabupaten Jember
District 1.1 Kecamatan Pesanggaran

2.1 Kecamatan Tempurejo

Village

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
900-1.223
Topology&Geology
Climate
type climate…?(Schmit&Ferguson)
Temperature
-; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check… 

POTENTIAL BIOTIK AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Mt. Meru; Mt. Betiri
Lake
River

Flora

Endemik Rafflesia zollingeriana Kds., One of the endemic species of rafflesia in the eastern part of Java Island, and now can only be found in Meru Betiri National Park (TNMB).
Rafflesia zollingeriana is a protected species under Government Regulation (PP) no. 7 of 1999 on the Preservation of Plant and Animal Species.
Identification Coastal Forest Vegetation Type; The forest forest vegetation formation consists of 2 main types of coastal tuber formation (Ipomea pescaprae), and Barringtonia formation (25 – 50 m). The most abundant types are the beach yam (Ipomoea pescaprae) and the grass run (Spinifex squarosus). Baringtonia formation consists of keben (Baringtonia asiatica), nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum), ketapang (Terminalia catappa), pandanus (Pandanus tectorius) and others.

Vegetation Type of Mangrove Forest; The dominating species are pedada (Sonneratia caseolaris) and tancang (Bruguiera gymnorhiza). At Sukamade river estuary there is nipah (Nypa fruticans) which is good formation.

Type of Swamp Forest Vegetation; The most common species are mango forest (Mangifera sp), sawo kecik (Manilkara kauki), ingas / rengas (Gluta renghas), pulai (Alstonia scholaris), kepuh (Sterculia foetida).

Rheophyt Forest Type Vegetation; Types that grow include glagah (Saccharum spontanum), elephant grass (Panisetum curcurium) and several types of short-lived herbs and grasses.

Vegetation Type of Tropical Lowland Rain Forest; Types of plants are found in many types of walangan (Pterospermum diversifolium), winong (Tetrameles nudiflora), gondang (Ficus variegata), budengan (Diospyros cauliflora), pancal kidang (Aglaia variegata), rau (Dracontomelon mangiferum), glintungan (Bischoffia javanica) ledoyo (Dysoxylum amoroides), glitter (Gossampinus heptaphylla), nyampuh (Litsea sp), bayur (Pterospermum javanicum), bungur (Lagerstromia speciosa), segawe (Adenanthera microsperma), aren (Arenga pinnata), langsat (Lansium domesticum), bendo (Artocarpus elasticus), suren (Toona sureni), and durian (Durio zibethinus).

There are also bamboo vegetation such as bamboo bubat (Bambusa sp), bamboo wuluh (Schizastychyum blumei), and bamboo lamper (Schizastychyum branchyladium). Inside the area there are also some types of rattan, including: sweet rattan (Daemonorops melanocaetes), rattan slatung (Plectomocomia longistigma), warak rarak (Plectomocomia elongata) and others.

Until now in Meru Betiri National Park has identified 518 species of flora, consisting of 15 protected species and 503 species that are not protected.

Examples of protected species are Balanopora (Balanophora fungosa) ie parasitic plants that live on Ficus spp tree species. and Padmosari / Rafflesia (Rafflesia zollingeriana) whose lives depend on the host plant Tetrastigma sp. In addition there are also types of flora as a raw material of traditional medicine / herbal medicine, where based on the results of the test on the field has been identified as many as 239 species that can be grouped into 7 habitus, namely bamboo, climbing, herbs, lianas, shrubs, shrubs and trees.

The types of medicinal plants in Meru Betiri National Park based on the parts used are divided into 19 parts, namely water stems, roots, stems / wood, seeds, fruit, flowers, branches / branches, leaves, sap, bark, rhizomes, all parts, tubers, starch / bitter substance, sap, wood ash, coconut water and herbs top.

Several types of prime medicinal plants that became a priority for development were Chili Java (Piper retrofractum), Kemukus (Piper cubeba), Kedawung (Parkia roxburghii), kluwek / pakem (Pangium edule), pecan (Aleuritus moluccana), pule pandak (Rauwolfia serpentina) , the linkage (Lunasia amara), anyang-anyang (Elaeocarpus grandiflora), sintok (Cinnamomum sintok), and kemuning (Murray paniculata).

more search required …?

Overview of flora in East Java
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Until now in Meru Betiri National Park area has been identified fauna as many as 217 species, consisting of 92 protected species and 115 species that are not protected. The number includes 25 species of mammals (18 of them protected), 8 reptiles (6 of which are protected), and 184 bird species (68 of which are protected).

Mammals: Meru Betiri forest area is the last habitat of Java tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica). deer (Bos javanicus), bull (Panthera pardus), wild boar (Sus sp), deer (Cervus timorensis), mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus), civet mongoose (Phardoxorus hermaprodytus), slow loris (Nycticebus caoncang) (Histrix brachiura), pangolin (Manis javanicus), bull (Bos javanicus), wild boar (Sus sp), deer (Muntiacus muntjak), deer (Tragulus javanicus), hedgehog (Histryx javanica), civet / mongoose (Paradoxurus sp ), leopard (Panthera pardus), pangolin (Sweet javanica) …

Reptile: green turtle (Chelonia mydas), Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), turtle slengkrah (Lepidochelys olivacea), leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), Biawak (Varanus salvator), …

Primates: long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis), monkeys, black / ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus), ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus-auratus), long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis), lemurs (Nycticebus coucang), …

Birds: hawk Java (Spizateus bartelsi), birds, snakes are guy (Spilormis cheela), birds, white-bellied sea (Haliaeetus leucogaster), the hawk black (Ictinaetus malayensis), bird kites (Haliastur indus), hawk eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus) eagle gray (Butastur indicus), bird Crested honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilorynchus), cuckoo outs (Strix leptogrammica), bird kestrel dragonfly (Microhierax fringillarius), peacock (Pavo muticus), hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros), waterbirds which pecuk snake (Anhinga melanogaster), herons (Egretta garzetta), herons buffalo (Bulbucus ibis), Pacific reef heron (Egretta sacra), black stork (Ciconia episcopus), stork casks (Leptoptilos javanicus), roko-roko ( (Tringa hypoleucos), chakra (Todirhampus (Halchyon) chloris), chickens / truwok (Gallicres cinerea), large crested sea doves (Sterna bergii), trulek (Hiamantopus linnaeus), blekek (Limnodromus sempalmatus) , cangak merah (Ard ea purpurea), Sea Eagles (Haliaetus leucogaster),

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in East Java
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. banyuwangibagus.com; Agustus 2017 
  2. tempatwisataindonesia.id; Agustus 2017
  3. pesona.indonesia.travel; Agustus 2017
  4. eastjava.com; Agustus 2017
  5. id.wikipedia.org; Agustus 2017
Blog
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. PERDA NOMOR 5 TAHUN 2012 TENTANG RENCANA TATA RUANG WILAYAH PROVINSI TAHUN 2011—2031; PEMERINTAH  PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR (Link:drive.google.com)
  3. DISTRIBUSI BARU DAN STRUKTUR POPULASI Rafflesia zollingeriana Koord. DI TAMAN NASIONAL MERU BETIRI, JAWA TIMUR; Dewi Lestari, UPT Balai Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya “Eka Karya” Bali–LIPI; Agus Hikmat dan Ervizal AM Zuhud, Departemen Konservasi Sumberdaya Hutan dan Ekowisata Fakultas Kehutanan IPB; 2014 (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. BIO-EKOLOGI TUMBUHAN OBAT KEDAWUNG (Parkia timoriana (DC)Merr.) DI HUTAN ALAM TAMAN NASIONAL MERU BETIRI; ERVIZAL AM ZUHUD, Bagian Konservasi Keanekaragaman Tumbuhan, Departemen Sumberdaya Hutan dan Ekowisata, Fakultas Kehutanan IPB, 2007 (Link: drive.google.com)
  5. ANALISIS SOSIAL EKONOMI MASYARAKAT DI ZONA REHABILITASI TAMAN NASIONAL MERU BETIRI, JEMBER, JAWA TIMUR (Kasus di desa Andongrejo, Wonoasri, Curahnongko dan Sanenrejo); Dra. Dewi Subaktini, M.Si.(Sosiologi Sosial)BP2TP DAS – IBB Surakarta, tahun…?(Link: drive.google.com)
  6. Kajian Ekologi Pohon Burahol (Stelechocarpus burahol) di Taman Nasional Meru Betiri, Jawa Timur; N.M. Heriyanto dan R. Garsetiasih, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, Bogor , tahun…?(Link: drive.google.com)

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