Lake Sentarum National Park

REGULATION

Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry No 34/Kpts-II/1999
Date Februari 4,1999
Large (Hektar) 132.000,00
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Danau Sentarum
Note Appointment of Lake Sentarum Area as Nature Reserve area for the first time in 1981 with the status as Nature Reserve that is based on Decree of Director General of Forestry No.2240 / DJ / I / 1981 dated 15 Jun 1981 with wide of 80.000 Ha. The area of ​​Lake Sentarum was designated as Nature Reserve area in 1982 with Decree No. 757 / Kpts / Um / 10/1982 with an area of ​​80,000 ha. This area is managed as a Wildlife Sanctuary by the Ministry of Forestry, represented by the Office of Natural Resources Conservation Sub-Center of West Kalimantan, based in Pontianak.

In 1994 Lake Sentarum Wildlife Reserve was established to be the location of Ramsar in Indonesia, as it is one of the most important representatives of the floodplain, not only for the Indonesian people but also for the international community.

Sentarum Lake National Planting is one of the most extensive types of flood ecosystems remaining, both in Indonesia and even in Southeast Asia.
In 1999, Lake Sentarum Wildlife Sanctuary beruabah function into the area of ​​Danau Sentarum National Park through the Decree of the Minister of Forestry and Plantation. 34 / Kpts-II / 1999 dated February 4, 1999 with an area of ​​132,000 ha. And on February 1, 2007 through the Minister of Forestry Regulation no. P.03 / Menhut-II / 2007, legally commenced the Technical Implementation Unit of Lake Sentarum National Park Office which temporarily has its office in Sintang District.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Kalimantan Barat
City/Regency Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu
District Kecamatan Batang Lupar; Kecamatan Badau; Kecamatan Embau; Kecamatan Bunut Hilir; Kecamatan Suhaid; Kecamatan  Selimbau; Kecamatan Semitau
Village

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
Topology&Geology
Climate
type climate…?(Schmit&Ferguson);
Temperature
 -; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …

POTENTIAL BIOTIK AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Lake
Sentarum Lake
River

Flora

Endemik
Identification Based on the recorded data, up to now there are 675 (species) belonging to 97 tribes (familia). Of these 33 types are endemic and 10 species are new species. These data have not been entirely terinventarisir especially species of trees located in the lowland hills, then the types of contracts and types of parasites.
Types of plants include: Dichilanthe borneensis, Menungau (Vatica menungau), Putat (Baringtonia acutangula), Wood Year (Carallia bracteata), Rangas (Gluta rengas), Kawi (Shorea balangeran), Ramin (Gonystylus bancanus), Ransa (Eugeissona ambigua) and so on.
And the most amazing in the area of ​​Lake Sentarum there is the same plant species with endemic plants in the Amazon. By the community of Lake Sentarum the plant is known as the debutant of Pungguk tree (Crateva religiosa).
Based on the knowledge possessed by the local community the habitat types contained in the Danau Sentarum National Park area are as follows:
1. Rapak Gelgah Forest (dwarf swamp forest);
This forest is characterized by the number of Putat (Baringtonia acutangula) and Mentangis (Ixora mentagis), Wood Year (Carallia bracteata), and Kebesi (Memecylon edule).
2. Forest of Gelagah (Hutan Berbawa Terenggang);
This forest is characterized by the number of dominant trees are Kamsia is overgrown with epiphyt, Menungau (Vatica menungau) and Kenarin (Diospyros coriacea).
3. Pepah Forest (Swamp Forest Stand);
This forest is overgrown by Kelansau trees, Emang and Melaban.
4. Forest (Riparian Forest);
Is a forest on the edge of a large river, this forest sometimes stagnant for six months in a year. The growing species such as Rengas nerah (Gluta renghas) and Tembesu (Fagrarea fagrans).
5. Peat Swamp Forest;
This forest is characterized by plant species such as Bintangor (Callophylum spp), Lime (Dryobalanops abnormis) and Acting (Shorea seminis).
6. Lowland Hills of the Hills;
This forest type is dominated by species from the hilly Dipterocarpaceae family such as Tengkawang Rambai (Shorea semithiana), Resak (Vatica micrantha) and Tempurau (Dipterocarpus spp).
7. Kerangas Forest;
This forest is overgrown with a slightly dwarf plant with a height of about 20-26 m, the trunk diameter resembles a tree at the pole level, sandy soil and poor nutrients.
more search required …?
Overview of flora in West Borneo
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Fish; Freshwater fish in Lake Sentarum National Park recorded as many as 265 species. Starting from a small about 1 cm of fish Linut (Sundasalax cf. Microps) to fish Tapah (Wallago leeri) which can reach the size of more than 200 cm. Types of fish for consumption such as fish Toman, Lais, Belida, Jelawat and Patin are here. Types of ornamental fish such as fish Ulanguli (Botia macracantho), Red Siluk Super fish (Scleropages formosus).

Mammals; Sentarum Lake National Park has the kind of rare mammals or menjelanh extinction like the proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus), Kepuh (Presbytis melalaphos cruniger), orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus), agile gibbon Black Hand (Hyobates agilis), Kelampiau (Hylobates muelleri), Macan Dahan (Neofelis nebulose), etc. (about 23 other types).

Bird; In the area of ​​National Park Lake Sentarum there are 310 species of birds and includes birds Stork Swamp Forest (Ciconia stormi), hornbills (Rhinoplax vigil) that are rare, and Outs Ketupa (Ketupa ketupa), Stork Tuntong (Leptoptilus javanicus) and 8 species of hornbills (Bucerotidae) which are internationally protected. The number of bird species found in this area is also categorized rich because of the 1,519 species of birds in Indonesia 20% of which can be found here ….

Reptile; In Lake Sentarum there are 31 species of reptiles or reptiles. Eight types of which are protected species such as the Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), the False Gharial (Tomistoma schlegelli), labi-labi, snakes, dragons and others. Even Crocodile or Crocodile Rabin (Crocodylus raninus) crocodiles in Asia have been declared extinct since 150 years ago is estimated to be still found in this region.

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in West Borneo
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. pesona.indonesia.travel; Agustus 2017 
  2. pika.ksdae.menlhk.go.id; Agustus 2017
  3. heartofborneo.or.id; Agustus 2017
  4. gallery-kapuashulu.org; Agustus 2017
Blog
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. Statistik Kehutanan tahun 2014; DINAS KEHUTANAN
    PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT 2015 (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. Danau Sentarum; Anugerah Nontji, Jakarta, 29 Mei 2016 (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. Komposisi Jenis dan Struktur Hutan Kerangas Bekas Kebakaran di Taman Nasional Danau Sentarum, Kalimantan Barat ; ONRIZAL, Departemen Kehutanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan; CECEP KUSMANA, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor; BAMBANG HERO SAHARJO, Laboratorium Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor; IIN PARWATI HANDAYANI, Jurusan Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu; TSUYOSHI KATO, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) representative in Indonesia; 2005 (Link: drive.google.com)
  5. IDENTIFIKASI JENIS-JENIS POHON PENYUSUN VEGETASI GAMBUT TAMAN NASIONAL DANAU SENTARUM KABUPATEN KAPUAS HULU; Agusti Randi, Togar Fernando Manurung, Sarma Siahaan, Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Tanjungpura, tahun…?  (Link: drive.google.com)