Krakatau Islands Marine Nature Reserve

REGULATION[sg_popup id=”1″ event=”onload”][/sg_popup]

Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry No 85/Kpts-II/1990
Date februari 26,1990
Large (Hektar) 13.735,1
Technical implementation Unit BKSDA Lampung
Note Based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry No. 85 / Kpts-II / 1990, dated February 26, 1990, Krakatau Islands is designated as Krakatau Islands Marine Reserve with an area of ​​13,735.1 ha (11,200 sea and 2,535.1 ha of land) managed by BKSDA II Tanjungkarang.

Previously since 1919, Sertung Island, Krakatau Besar and Krakatau Kecil have also been designated as nature reserves based on the decree of the Governor General of the Netherlands. 83 Stbl 392, dated July 11, 1919 Jo No 7 Stbl 392, dated January 5, 1925.
Krakatau Islands Marine Reserve This nature reserve is located in the sunda strait between the western tip of Java island and the southern tip of the island of Sumatra, which is an expansion of krakatau island nature reserve with an original area of ​​2405.1 Ha.

This area has an appeal to scientists because this area can serve as a natural laboratory to study natural knowledge, geography, volcanology, and biology. In addition there are interesting objects such as;

  1. Sertung Island: On this island can be done swimming, diving. and surfing. In addition we can enjoy the direct view of volcanological activity of the krakatau from the west.
  2. Krakatau Besar Island: On this island can be done diving and rock climbing activities.
  3. Krakatau Kecil island: To the south-west and south of this region there is a very interesting marine biota.
  4. Anak Krakatau: Appears its island due to an eruption in 1883.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Lampung
City/Regency Kabupaten Lampung Selatan
District Kecamatan Pulau
Village

 

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
Topology&Geology
Climate
Temperature
-; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …

POTENTIAL BIOTIC AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Mt. Anak Krakatau;
Lake
River

Flora

Endemik
Identification There is a unique collection of flora consisting of 206 species of mushroom, 13 species of lichenes, 61 nail plants, and about 257 species of spermatophyta ..

Some of these plants are dominated by coastal plants such as Cemara, Ketapang, Waru, Pandan, Pinus, Laban, Noni and other plants that can adapt to the condition of coastal forests whose soil structure is sand.

On the island of Sertung, there are many species of timber (Chriscocheton mierecorpus), ketapang (Terminalia catapra), mara (Macaranga fanarius), cypress (Casuarina aquisetifolia), melinjo (Gnetum gnemon) and dadap (Ficus ampelas).

On the island of Krakatau Besar there are refineries, firs, dadap, ketapang, waru, mara, bisoro (Ficus hispida), and cangkudu (Morindo catrifalia). While in Krakatau Kecil is overgrown with kilangir, waru, dadap, and mara.

More search required …?

Overview of fauna in Lampung
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification some animals inhabit the plains of volcanic islands including snakes, lizards, sea turtles, bats, and others.

Mammals: rats (Rattus rattus), Bats…

Birds: troco (Plegadis facinellus); bird king prawns (Halcyon funebris) birds of cow (Copsychus sp), podang (Oriolus chinearis), wili-wili (Esacus magnirostris), Great Punai (Treron capellei Columbidae); Ivory Pigeon (Treron vernans Columbidae); Uncal Buau (Macropygia ruficeps Columbidae); Kucica Kampung (Copsychus saularis Turdidae); Sacred Cekakak (Todirhamphus sanctus Alcedinidae); Caladi Batu (Meiglyptes tristis Picidae); Kekep Pig (Artamus leucorhynchus Artamidae); Cucak Kutilang (Pycnonotus aurigaster Pycnonotidae); Cucak Kuricang (Pycnonotus atriceps Pycnonotidae); Merbah Cerucuk (Pycnonotus goiavier Pycnonotidae); Cucak Rumbai Tungging (Pycnonotus eutilotus Pycnonotidae); Black Capsules (Oriolus chinensis Oriolidae); Bondol Jawa (Lonchura leucogastroides Ploceidae); Bondol Peking (Lonchura punctulata Ploceidae); Birds of the Church (Passer montanus Ploceidae); Kanipis House (Apusa affinis Apodidae); White Chest Thorn (Thichastoma rostratum Timaliidae); Brown Wergan (Alcippe brunneicauda Timaliidae); White Eyebrow Catch (Porzana cinerea Rallidae); Gray Bentet (Lanius schach Motacillidae); Sea Scissors (Calonectris leucomelas Procellariidae); Prenjak Jawa (Prinia familiaris Silviidae); Cinenen Belukar (Orthotomus atrogularis Silviidae); Plop Load (Otus Lempiji Strigidae); Quail Stone (Coturnix chinensis Phasianidae); Bondol Eagle (Haliastur Indus Accipitridae); Honey Bird Polos (Anthereptes simplex Nectariniidae), …

Reptiles: pythons (Phyton sp), snake branches (Phyton sp), monitor lizard (Varanus sp), Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and rain turtles, …

Still needed more search …?

Overview of fauna in Lampung
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. malahayati.ac.id; Agustus 2017
  2. kaliandanews.com; Agustus 2017
  3. cendananews.com; Agustus 2017
  4. pedomanwisata.com; Agustus 2017
  5. direktori-wisata.com; Agustus 2017
Blog
  1. martinshare.blogspot.co.id; Agustus 2017
  2. …?
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2016; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. Atlas, Sumberdaya Wilayah Pesisir Lampung; Kerjasama Pemerintah Provinsi Lampung dengan Proyek Pesisir Lampung, tahun…?(Link: drive.google.com)
  4. KOLONISASI KOMUNITAS KARANG DI CAGAR ALAM LAUT KRAKATAU, DAN IMPLIKASI PENGELOLAANNYA; SINGGIH AFIFA PUTRA, SEKOLAH PASCASARJANA INSTITUT PERTANIAN, BOGOR, 2014 (Link: drive.google.com)
 

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