Kelimutu National Park

REGULATION


Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry No 679/Kpts-II/1997
Date Oktober 10,1997
Large (Hektar) 5.356,50
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Kelimutu
Note The history of Kelimutu National Park noted that there are two important times that become the cornerstone of conservation management efforts in this area.

On October 4, 1984 based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry no. 185 / Kpts-II / 1984 the area is designated as Lake Kelimutu Nature Reserve which has an area of 16 ha only and Taman Kelimutu Park with a wider area of 4,984 ha.

The establishment of Kelimutu National Park has just been realized on February 26, 1992 based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry no. 279 / Kpts-II / 1992 which is the change of the status of the area that had been a nature reserve and a tourist park into the National Park of Flores with an area of 5000 ha.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION


Province Nusa Tenggara Timur
City/Regency Kabupaten Ende
District
  1. Kecamatan Detusuko,
  2. Kecamatan Wolojita,
  3. Kecamatan Kelimutu
  4. Kecamatan Ndona Timur
Village 1.1 Desa Ndito; 1.2 Desa Niowula; 1.3 Desa Wolofeo; 1.4 Desa Detusuko Barat; 1.5 Kelurahan Detusuko; 1.6 Desa Wologai; 1.7 Desa Wologai Tengah

2.1 Desa Tenda;

3.1 Desa Pemo; 3.2 Desa Woloara; 3.3 Desa Koanara; 3.4 Desa Nuamuri Barat; 3.5 Desa Nduaria

4.1 Desa Sokoria; 4.2 Desa Roga

PHYSICAL CONDITION


Elevation (mDpl)
0–1.731
Topology&Geology
This National Park is a bumpy area ranging from mild to heavy with hilly relief to mountainous…
Climate
type climate…?  (Schmit&Ferguson)
Temperature
25,5’- 31’C; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …

POTENTIAL BIOTIC AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Mt. Kelimutu; Mt. Kelibara (1.731 m dpl)
Lake
Lake Kelimutu
River

Flora

Endemik
Identification Some plants in the Park include Albizia montana, Kebu (Homalanthus giganteus), tokotaka (Putranjiva roxburghii), uwi rora (Ardisia humilis), longgo steel (Drypetes subcubica), keo shop (Cyrtandra sp.) , deo wood (Trema cannabina), and kelo (Ficus villosa).

Some collections of flora that are endemic to Kelimutu are uta onga (Begonia kelimutuensis), turuwara (Rhododendron renschianum), and arngoni (Vaccinium varingiaefolium). Argonas are flowering small white and will turn black when ripe, believed to be local people as food of the gods.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in East Nusa Tenggara
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Birds: Kelimutu National Park is home to 19 species of endangered birds including Flores (Treron florida), Wallacea owl (Otus silvicola), Sweep of the Jungle (Rhinomyias oscillans), Flores (Pachycephala nudigula), Pygmy dwarf (Pericrocotus lansbergei), testia Timor (Tesia everetti), opior crest (Lophozosterops dohertyi), thick half opio (Heleia crassirostris), gold chili (Dicaeum annae), Flores (Monarcha sacerdotum), matari honey (Nectarinia solaris), and Flores hawks (Sporisetus floris) …

Mammals: Of the four species of mammals endemic to this national park, which is often encountered are two mountain rats Bunomys naso and Rattus hainaldi. In this national park can be found some animals such as bull (Bos javanicus javanicus), deer (Muntiacus muntjak nainggolani), mongoose (Pardofelis marmorata), pangolin (Manis javanica), hedgehog (Hystrix brachyura brachyura), and mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus javanicus) …

Fish: 32 species of fish including flag fish (Platax pinnatus), conscious fish (Siganus lineatus), and barracuda (Sphyraena jello); 9 types of marine mollusks such as southern kima (Tridacna derasa), triton trumpet (Charonia tritonis), and giant clams (Tridacna gigas), …

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in East Nusa Tenggara
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:


Website
  1. pika.ksdae.menlhk.go.id; September 2017
  2. travel.kompas.com; September 2017
  3. id.wikipedia.org; September 2017
  4. …?
Blog
  1. tamannasional.wordpress.com; September 2017
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. PERATURAN DAERAH PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR NOMOR 1 TAHUN 2011 TENTANG RENCANA TATA RUANG WILAYAH PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR TAHUN 2010 – 2030; (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. Daerah Penting Bagi Burung, Nusa Tenggara; William M. Rombang, Colin Trainor, Dwi Lesmana, Birdlife Indonesia, 2002 (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN TAMAN NASIONAL KELIMUTU MELALUI PENDEKATAN CO-MANAGEMENT; LUKITA AWANG NISTYANTARA, SEKOLAH PASCASARJANA, INSTITUT PERTANIAN BOGOR, 2011 (Link: drive.google.com)
  5. Vegetasi di Sekitar Danau Tiga Warna Taman Nasional Kelimutu Ende, Flores, Nusa Tenggara Timur; DEDEN MUDIANA, I MADE RAHARDJA PENDIT&I WAYAN MUDARSA, Kebun Raya Eka Karya Bedugul; SUHARMONO, Taman Nasional Kelimutu, Ende, Flores; 2003 (Link: drive.google.com)
  6. Taman Nasional Kelimutu, Ende – Flores – NTT; penulis…?, Balai Taman Nasional Kelimutu, tahun…? (Link: drive.google.com)

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