Karimunjawa National Park

REGULATION

Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry no 74/Kpts-II/2001
Date Maret 15,2001
Large (Hektar) 110.117,30
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa
Note Karimunjawa National Park is a group of islands totaling 22 islands located in the Java Sea.

Karimunjawa National Park was designated as Marine Nature Reserve through Minister of Forestry Decree No.123 / Kpts-II / 1986 then in 1999 through Minister of Forestry Decree No.78 / Kpts-II / 1999 Karimunjawa Nature Reserve and surrounding waters of 111,625 Ha converted into National Park with name of Karimunjawa National Park. In 2001, a large area of ​​the Karimunjawa area of ​​110,117.30 Ha was designated as Marine Conservation Area with Minister of Forestry Decree No.74 / Kpts-II / 2001.

The total area of ​​the park conservation area is divided into:

The mainland region of Karimunjawa Island in the form of lowland tropical rain forest ecosystem (1,285.50)
The mainland region of Pulau Kemujan in the form of mangrove forest ecosystem (222.20)
Waters territory In its development the area is designated as a natural conservation area (KPA) based on Decree No. Menhut. 74 / Kpts-II / 2001 dated March 15, 2001 (110,117.30)
A prominent problem in managing this area is the protection of marine ecosystems. This is because Karimunjawa area is one of three reliable fisheries centers in Central Java, and the fact that most of the population of more than 8,800 people are fishermen who rely on fishery resources.

Therefore, fishery resources become a mainstay in the development of the economy in this region. Problems arise because in utilizing fishery resources that tend to overweight (especially on small pelagic fish species, fishing effort that damaging coral reef ecosystem ie with the use of apotas or cyanide or nets that damage coral reefs.

Currently Karimunjawa National Park is managed by Karimunjawa National Park Office with the main task of carrying out the ecosystem management of Karimunjawa National Park area in order to conserve Biological Natural Resources and its Ecosystem based on the prevailing laws and regulations. In management there are many challenges to integrating conservation and economic development that require the support of all parties.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Jawa Tengah
City/Regency Kabupaten Jepara
District Karimunjawa
Village

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
Topology&Geology
Climate
climate type …?(Schmit&Ferguson)
Temperature
-; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check… 

POTENTIAL BIOTIK AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Lake
River

Flora

Endemik
Identification dominated by, Mangrove Ecosystem; Based on data of Inventory and Distribution of Mangroves in Karimunjawa National Park in 2002 (Sunyoto et al, 2002) found 45 species of mangroves belonging to 25 families. In the conservation area found 25 species of mangrove true of 13 families and 7 mangrove follow-up from 7 families. Beyond the area found 5 species of mangrove follow-up from 5 different families. Mangrove forests in the area of ​​Karimunjawa and Kemujan Island are dominated by Exoccaria agallocha species, while the most widespread species is Rhizopora stylosa. In the mangrove forest there is also one species that is already rare in the world of Schipiphora hydrophilaceae.

Coastal Forest Ecosystems; Vegetation of coastal forest is characterized by Ketapang (Terminalia cattapa), Sea Pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), Coconut (Cocos nucifera), Teak Sand (Scaerota frustescens), Setigi (Pemphis acidula) and Waru Laut (Hibiscus tiliaceus).

Coral Reef Ecosystem; Coral reef ecosystems consist of 3 types of reefs, namely coastal reefs (fringing reef), barrier reef and some patches (patch reef). WCS further mentioned that the coral cover in the Karimunjawa Islands is in the range of bad to good (10-75%).

WCS (2003) in his research stated that coral reef ecosystem in Karimunjawa Islands consists of 64 genera of coral with one type of coral that is almost extinct is musical / red coral (Tubipora musica).

more search required …?

Overview of flora in Central Java
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Reptiles: Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas), Hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricate), Snake, …

Birds: Sea-eagle, Stork Tong tong; Gray Stork; Sea Hawk White Chest; Wedi-wedi

Mammals: Deer, Pangolin, Hedgehog,….

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in Central Java
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. tnkarimunjawa.id; Agustus 2017
  2. kkji.kp3k.kkp.go.id; Agustus 2017
  3. ekowisata.org; Agustus 2017
  4. id.wikipedia.org; Agustus 2017
  5. rare.org; Agustus 2017
Blog
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. PERDA NOMOR 6 TAHUN 2010 TENTANG RENCANA TATA RUANG WILAYAH PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH TAHUN 2009 – 2029; PEMERINTAH PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. PENATAAN ZONASI TAMAN NASIONAL KARIMUNJAWA KABUPATEN JEPARA PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH; Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa 2004 (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. Statistik Taman Nasional Karimunjawa; Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa 2007 (Link: drive.google.com)
  5. DAMPAK ZONASI TAMAN NASIONAL KARIMUNJAWA TERHADAP STRATEGI NAFKAH NELAYAN KOMPRESSOR(Kasus Desa Karimunjawa, Kecamatan Karimunjawa, Kabupaten Jepara, Provinsi Jawa Tengah); Faris Priyanto, DEPARTEMEN SAINS KOMUNIKASI DAN PENGEMBANGAN MASYARAKAT. FAKULTAS EKOLOGI MANUSIA, INSTITUT PERTANIAN BOGOR, 2011 (Link: drive.google.com)
  6. Kondisi Terumbu Karang Dan Potensi Ikan Di Perairan Taman Nasional Karimunjawa, Kabupaten Jepara; Muh. Yusuf, Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Undip, Semarang 2013 (Link: drive.google.com)
 

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