Ijen Volcanic Crater Merapi Ungup-ungup Nature Reserve

REGULATION


Gov.Regulation Minister of Agriculture Decree No 1017/Kpts-II/Um/12/1981
Date Desember 10, 1981
Large (Hektar) 2.468
Technical implementation Unit BKSDA Jawa Timur
Note Forest area of ijen forest is designated as a Nature Reserve based on the Decree of the Governor General of Dutch Indies No.46 dated October 9, 1920 Stbl No.736 with an area of 2560 ha.

In the next development, dated December 10, 1981 through the Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No.1017 / Kpts-II / Um / 12/1981 stipulates a portion of the Ijen Crater Reserve area of 92 ha to Nature Park, while the remaining 2,468 ha remain as reserve natural.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION


Province Jawa Timur
City/Regency
  1. Kabupaten Banyuwangi
  2. Kabupaten Bondowoso
District 1.1 Kecamatan Licin

2.1 Kecamatan Sempol

Village

PHYSICAL CONDITION


Elevation (mDpl)
…?-2443
Topology&Geology
Climate
Type Climate…?(Schmit&Ferguson)
Temperature
-; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check …

POTENTIAL BIOTIK AREA


Habitat

Mountain
Mt. Ijen; Mt.Raung;
Lake
River
Kali Bendo

Flora

Endemik
Identification The biodiversity in the Ijen Crater Reserve is quite abundant. The type of vegetation in the Ijen Crater Reserve area is generally divided based on the height of the sea level, among others:

1. Area height of 700-1000 mdpl called Montane Rain Forest; Covering the area around Totogan and protected forests. This area is generally dominated by trees from the family Fagaceae, Magnoliaceae, Ericaceae, Hamamelidaceae and Coniferae.

2. The area of ​​altitude 1000 – 2500 m above sea level called the high Montane Rain Forest; This area is the dominant area in Ijen Crater region. It is a transition between Mountain Rain Forest and Sub Alpine Rain Forest, therefore the vegetation encountered is a combination of vegetation families in the Rain Forest Mountains and Sub Alpine Rainforests. The dominant vegetation types are Compositae (Eidelweiss) and Ericaceae (Vaccinium)

3. Area height 2,500 – 4,000 m above sea level called Sub Alpin Rain Forest; Only a small part of this type of vegetation Forest Rain Sub Alpin in Ijen Crater area, which is in the area of ​​Mount Merapi which has a height of about 2800 m above sea level. Vegetation is dominated by shrubs and shrubs, given the less favorable environment and the greater influence of sulfur compounds.

There is also the Dry Mountains of Pegununga and the Alpin Bush. Dry Mountain Forest is predominantly Cemara (Casuarina junghuniana) with grass cover on flammable base. While the Alpin Bush is above the tree growing line on the highest mountains. Such shrubs are typically dominated by Ericaceae tribes, such as Vaccinium and plants such as Schima, Potentilla and Hypericum.

It has been identified 86 species of flora in the area of ​​Crater Crater Ijen consisting of shrubs, epiphytes, shrubs, plants, trees and grasses. The dominant tree species are Cemara (Casuarina junghuniana) which is evenly distributed and is characteristic of highland vegetation.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in East Java
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Mammals; Leopard (Panthera pardus), Wildcat / Tiger (Felis bengalensis), Ajag (Cuon alpinus), flying squirrel (elegant Petaurista), Ground Squirrel (Lariscus insignis), Tree Squirrel (Scuridae), Kijang (Muntiacus muntjak) , Jelarang (Ratufa bicolor), Wild boar (Sus verrucosus), Bull (Bos javanicus), Garangan (Herpectes javanicus), Luwak (Paradoxurus hermaproditus), …

Primates: Javan langur (Trachypithecus auratus), …

Birds (107 species of birds, 21 species are endemic species): Purple head whalers (Ptylinopus porphyreus), Cekaka jawa (Halcyon cyanoventris), Mountain sepal (Pericrocotus miniatus), Cucak mountain (Pycnonotus bimaculatus), Hill Fly (Rhipidura euryura), chicken green forest (gallus varius) ….

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in East Java
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:


Website
  1. bbksdajatim.org; Agustus 2017
  2. ekowisata.org; Agustus 2017
  3. id.wikipedia.org; Agustus 2017
  4. …?
Blog
  1. info-wisataalam.blogspot.co.id; Agustus 2017
  2. cagaralamdantamanwisatakawahijen.blogspot.co.id; Agustus 2017
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link:drive.google.com)
  2. PERDA NOMOR 5 TAHUN 2012 TENTANG RENCANA TATA RUANG WILAYAH PROVINSI TAHUN 2011—2031; PEMERINTAH  PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR (Link:drive.google.com)
  3. Prakiraan bahaya letusan Gunung Api Ijen Jawa Timur; A. Zaennudin, Deden Wahyudin, Mamay Surmayadi, dan E. Kusdinar, Badan Geologi; 2012 (Link: drive.google.com)
  4. …?

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