Bukit Tiga Puluh National Park

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REGULATION

Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry No.6407/Kpts-II/2002
Date Juni 21,2002
Large (Hektar) 111.223
Technical implementation Unit Balai Taman Nasional Bukit Tiga Puluh
Note The total area of ​​Bukit Tiga Puluh National Park was originally 127,698 hectares based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry no. 539 / Kpts-II / 1995. Then the extent is added to 144,223 hectares based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry no. 6407 / Kpts-II / 2002.

But in reality, there has been a reduction of land due to the expansion of oil palm plantations by some companies and communities. Lack of coordination between agencies and departments (forestry, agriculture / plantations, provincial / district governments) and their ranks down, led to the removal of plantation permits at the park’s location. Originally Bukit Tigapuluh National Park area is a protected forest and limited production forest.

In the Jambi Province area is located in Tebo District (23,000 ha) and Tanjung Jabung Barat (an area of ​​10,000 ha). While in the province of Riau is located in Indragiri Hulu (81.223 ha) and Indragiri Hilir (an area of ​​30,000 ha).

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province 1. Riau

2. Jambi

City/Regency 1.1 Kabupaten Indragiri Hulu; 1.2 Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir; 1.3 Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi

2.1 Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Barat; 2.2 Kabupaten Bungo Tebo

District 1.1.1 Kecamatan Batang Peranap; 1.1.2 Kecamatan Peranap; 1.1.3 Kecamatan Rakit Kulim; 1.1.4 Kecamatan Batang Cenaku; 1.1.5 Kecamatan Seberida; 1.1.6 Kecamatan Batang Gansal

1.2.1 Kecamatan Kemuning; 1.3.1 Kecamatan Kuantan Mudik;

2.1.1 Kecamatan Renah Mendaluh; 2.1.2 Kecamatan Batang Asam;

2.2.1 Kecamatan VII Koto; 2.2.2 Kecamatan VII Koto Ilir; 2.2.3 Kecamatan Serai Serumpun; 2.2.4 Kecamatan Sumay; 2.2.5 Kecamatan Tebo Tengah; 2.2.6 Kecamatan Tengah Ilir

Village

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
60-843
Topology&Geology
Based on the topographic condition of forest ecosystem in Bukit Tigapuluh National Park is categorized as lowland tropical rain forest, because it has always wet climate, dry land and altitude below 1,000 m asl.

Bukit Tigapuluh Nation Park Area is a fairly steep hills with the highest peak on Bukit Supin. The hills are separated from the Bukit Barisan mountain range extending from south to north on the island of Sumatra.

The soil type contained in the area is Yellow Podsolik with depth varying between 40 cm – 150 cm.

Climate
Climate type B (Schmidt&Ferguson)
Temperature
20,8′-33’C; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check… 

POTENTIAL BIOTIK AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Lake
River
watershed Gansal; Batang Hari River; Cinaku River; Keritang River; Pengabuhan River; Sumai River

Flora

Endemik
Identification In terms of its spread, the vegetation in Bukit Tiga Puluh National Park is included in the western vegetation zone of Indonesia with the dominant tree species of the Diterocarpaceae.

Based on different stand structure, species composition and physiognomy, Bukit Tigapuluh National Park ecosystem consists of 4 kinds, namely:

  • Primary natural forests: unspoiled tropical rainforests have not been disturbed by logging activities. The dominant species in these sub-ecosystems are commonly derived and the Dipterocarpaceae, which are meranti species (such as Shorea abovoida and S. accummata)
  • The forest is disturbed: natural forest areas that have been logged. In this sub-ecosystem is dominated by the types derived from the Euphorbiaceae, among others, Elastriopermum tapos and Baccaurea racemosa.
  • Forests of forest (secondary forest): areas that have been opened for cultivation and then abandoned and used as fields again in the next period. The dominant species in these sub-ecosystems are generally pioneer types, such as Macaranga gigantea and M. triloba.
  • Rubber plantation: the area used by the community for gardening with the main species of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis).

However, based on research and botanical exploration that has been done has been identified 176 species of plants and found several species unique and allegedly rare among them: rectangular fungus (Rafflesia hasseltii), salo (Johannesteijsmannia altifrons), mapau (Pinanga multiflora), mapau kalui (Iguanura walliziana, jelutung (Dyera costulata), jernang (Daemonorops draco), meranti (Shorea peltata), gaharu wood (Aquilaria malacensis,) rattan (Calamus ciliaris and Calamus exilis), ramin (gonistylus bancanus), incense (Styrax benzoin), pegs earth (Eurycoma longifolia), areca nut (Nenga sp.), squirrel daggers (Archidendron bubalinum), roots (Phanera kochiana), jungle (Baccaurea racemosa), and silima years (Baccaurea stipulata).

The rimau fungus is a distinctive plant and endemic to Bukit Tigapuluh National Park. Other types of flora include red sap (Palaquium spp), pulai (Alstonia scolaris), kempas (Koompassia excelsa), tassel (Shorea spp), medang (Litsea sp, Dehaasia sp), bark (Parashorea sp.), Bayur (Pterospermum javanicum), brown wood (Eugenia sp), and cassia (Pometia pinnata).

Some of the existing plant resources in and around Bukit Tigapuluh National Park have been utilized by local communities for treatment needs. Malays use 182 species of plants to treat 45 kinds of diseases, and 8 types of fungi (mushrooms) for 8 kinds of diseases.

Talang Mamak tribe utilizes 110 types of medicinal plants to treat 56 kinds of diseases and 22 types of fungi to treat 18 kinds of diseases. Of the abundant natural wealth, there are 51 medicinal plants, 8 medicinal fungi and 2 medicinal animals that have excellent prospects for research and development. Types of plants commonly used for medicines indigenous to national parks, among others, turmeric root ( Dilenia sp.), Root of breakthrough (Rourea sp), wood manau (Canarium litorale), incense (Stryrax benzoin), chili tempala (Piper canium), white lase, pasak bumi (Eurycoma longifolia), kulim (Scorodocarpus borneensis) Sterculia oblongata), and palm rod content (Arenga sp.).

Besides as a plant resource drug is also used to meet the needs of daily living, recorded 486 species of forest plants that have been utilized and 158 species of forest plants have been cultivated. The plant that has been utilized consists of 27 species as ornamental plants, 16 species as cooking spices, 10 types as carbohydrate source, 5 species as latex and resin producers, 26 types for ritual and magical purposes, 18 species as wood board source, 21 types as the source of the ropes, and 3 types as the source of the dye.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in Jambi&Riau
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Mammals: Found at least 59 species of mammals, some of which are endangered, the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatraensis), the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), the otters (Aonyx cinerea), the leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), the golden cat (Catopuma Temminckii) , spotted-winged fruit bats (Balionycteris maculate), white-collared fruit bats (Megaerops wetmorei), Malay tapirs (Tapiris indicus), …

Primates: found in six primate species, ie hoops (Presbytis melalophos), long-tailed monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), monkeys (Hyaca agnes), gibbons,…

Birds: In addition to Bukit Tigapuluh National Park, there are 193 bird species or one third bird species on the island of Sumatra (Danielsen & Heegaard, 1994). Among these species are rare and almost rare, the storm stork (Ciconia stormi), the tongtong stork (Leptoptilos javanicus), Anghinga melanogaster, water duck (Cairina scutulata), black quail (Melanoperdix nigra), red spice (Lophura erythrophthalma) blue lobster (Lophura ignita), large beaked beak (Batrachostamus auritius), ivory hornbill (Buceros vigil), paok pomegranate (Pitta granatina), and gray-breast ation (Melacopteron albogulare),…

Some of them are endemic to Sumatra, water ducks, hornbills, yellow cucak (Pycnonotus melanicterus), woodpeckers (Trichastoma tickelli) and white tidal bondol (Lonchura striata),…

Insect: It is recorded at least 134 species of insects in and around Bukit Tigapuluh National Park area. Seeing its potential, Bukit Tigapuluh National Park area is one of the interesting insect research areas on the island of Sumatra,…

Fish: The diversity of fish species according to Siregar et al. (1994) includes 25 families, 52 genera, and 97 species. In addition, 18 types of bats live in the Park area,…

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in Jambi&Riau
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. gpswisataindonesia.info; Juli 2017
  2. goriau.com; Juli 2017
  3. wwf.or.id; Juli 2017
  4. en.tiket.com; Juli 2017
  5. id.wikipedia.org; Juli 2017
Blog
PDF
  1. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2016; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  2. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. Rencana Kerja (RENJA) Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Riau Tahun 2017; Kepala Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Riau (Link:drive.google.com)
  4. KONDISI DAN KAJIAN KORIDOR TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT TIGAPULUH, SUAKA MARGASATWA BUKIT RIMBANG BUKIT BALING; Kerjasama Yayasan Alam Sumatera Dengan Yayasan WWF Indonesia, 2004-2005 (Link: drive.google.com)
  5. Strategi Pemerintah dalam Pengembangan Ekowisata (Studi di Kawasan Taman Nasional Bukit Tiga Puluh Kabupaten Indragiri Hulu Provinsi Riau); Auradian Marta, Instansi…?, tahun …?(Link: drive.google.com)
 

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