Batukahu Nature Reserve

REGULATION

Gov.Regulation Decree of the Minister of Forestry No.2847/ Menhut-VII/KUH / 2014
Date
Large (Hektare) 1.762,80
Technical implementation Unit BKSDA Bali
Note
  • During the reign of the Dutch East Indies Governor, the Batukahu Mountain Forest Group and its protected forest were designated as forest areas with a function of soil and water protection (hydrooro / ogyreserve) with an area of ​​15,153.28 Ha, through the Decree of the Governor of Netherlands Indies Number 28 letter B sub.a .3 and b.1, dated May 29, 1927 and passed on 23 February 1934.
  • On January 19, 1959, the Head of the First Level Region of Bali through Decree No. 19/53/2/4 set the Batukahu Mountain Forest Group to Nature Reserve as an insitu conservation area of ​​1,524 Ha and Eka Karya Botanical Gardens as an excess area of ​​45 Ha.
  • On 29 November 1974, the Minister of Agriculture issued Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No. 716 / Kpts / Um / 11/1974 on the Designation of Batukahu Forest Area of ​​1,762.8 Ha Located in Tabanan District of Bali Province as Nature Reserve, named Batukahu I Nature Reserve, Batukahu II and Batukahu III.
  • Based on the Limits Map of Batukahu Nature Reserve which was certified by the Director General of Forestry on December 3, 1979, it was mentioned that Batukahu Nature Reserve consists of Mount Tapak has an area of ​​810.40 Ha with an altitude of 1,807 m above sea level, Mount Pohen has an area of ​​388,20 ha with a height of 2,069 mdpl, and Mount Lesung with an area of ​​564.20 Ha and a height of 1860 mdpl.

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

Province Bali
City/Regency 1. Kabupaten Buleleng

2. Kabupaten Tabanan

3. Kabupaten Badung

District 1.1 Kecamatan Banjar,

1.2 Kecamatan Sukasada,

1.3 Kecamatan Sawan

1.4 Kecamatan Kubutambahan

2.1 Kecamatan Baturiti,

2.2 Kecamatan Penebel

2.3 Kecamatan Pupuan,

3.1 Kecamatan Petang

Village

PHYSICAL CONDITION

Elevation (mDpl)
1.860-2.089
Topology&Geology

The topography of this region varies, hilly and bumpy from flat, sloping, sloping, steep, steep, and steep to very steep. This Nature Reserve consists of three separate hill locations, namely Batukahu I Nature Reserve (Bulit Tapak), Batukahu II Nature Reserve (Bukit Pohang / Pohen), and Batukahu III Nature Reserve (Bukit Lesong).

Based on the Spatial Plan of Tabanan Regency in 2012 and the 2012 Buleleng Design Plan, Batukahu Nature Reserve has a volcanic rock formation from the cone of Sub Puchenen Mountain, Gunung Sengayang, and Gunung Lesung.

Batukahu Nature Reserve generally consists of andesitic rock, basalt, tephra smooth / rough and recent volcanic due to activities or activities of eruption of Mount Apipurba Batukahu, Lesung and Pawon at the middle of the quarter.

Based on the stratigraphic structure, the sequence of occurrence is preceded by volcanic deposits of Buyan-Beratan volcano and ancient Batur (Qba). The top layer is the result of the ancient volcanic sediment (Qbb), namely tuff and sediment Buyan-Beratan and ancient Batur. The youngest layer consists of Qve from the results of volcanic activity and the result of the sediment. Lithology of the region consists of breccia, andesite deposits, lr and luff deposits, which are spread over Qba formations, lava sediment generally dominates the Baral and Southern parts. The southern and eastern parts are dominated by lava deposits of Qbb formations, whereas the alluvium (Qal) region generally consists of a mixture of fine lava to boulder.

The condition of the land in the Batukahu Nature Reserve area can be described as follows:

PH land in Batukahu Nature Reserve ranges from 5.1 to 5.7 with soil moisture ranging from 47-59%. This is due to the moist mountains and highlands that cause high rainfall resulting in the release of soluble salt base compounds containing Ca, Mg, and K ions as the source of OH ions. Because of the release of these compounds so that there is a reduction in the number of bases that cause the moist soil and located in the highlands become more acidic. The moist soil is dominated by silicic clay and humus which is much acidic because of the outer surface of silicate clay there are many sources of H ions ie AlOH and SiOH and carboxyl and phenol groups in colloid humus.

Climate
type Climate A (Wladimir Koppen dan Rudolf Geiger)
Temperature
Rate 11,54-24°C; Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council check…

POTENTIAL BIOTIK AREA

Habitat

Mountain
Mountain Tapak  (1.807 m dpl); Mountain Pohen (2.069 mdpl); Mountain Lesung(1.860 mdpl); Mountain Batukaru; Mountain Sengayang; Mountain Pawon
Lake
Buyan Lake; Tamblingan Lake; Beratan Lake
River
watershed Saba Daya; watershed Oten Sungi;

Flora

Endemik
Identification Batukahu Nature Reserve area has a natural stand of pine geseng (Casuarina junghuhniana) and pandak fir (Dacrycarpus imbricatus). Firs are an indigenous species of Indonesia, the existence of natural stands in Batukahu Nature Reserve increasingly strengthens the position of Nature Reserve whose ecosystem should always be guarded.

Other flora types include: Purnajiwa (Euchresta horsfieldi), Dapdap (Erythrina lithosperma), Plendo (Brassaiopsis sp.), Rice (Symplocos fasciculata), Yeh-yeh (Saurauia pendula), Klampok (Syzygium densiflorum), Passionfruit (Passiflora edulis), Kassels / cardamom (Amomum compactum), Bacem / begonia (Begonia spp.), Base / Betel (Piper betle), Latine grass (Urtica grandidentata), Lateng tree (Laportea spp.), Sengene / sunflower Helianthus annuus), Lempeni (Ardisia humilis), Sembung (Blumea balsamifera), Bratawali (Tinospora crispa), Pandan (Pandanus spp.), Uyah-uyah (Ficus quercifolia), Javanese chili (Piper retrofractum), Coffee (Coffea sp.) , Cermai (Phyllanthus acidus), Kedukduk / keduduk (Melastoma malabathricum), Eggplant (Cyphomandra betacea), Pokak / takokak (Solanum torvum), Klerak (Sapindus rarak), Salam (Syzygium polyanthum), Lemasih (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) Porang (Amorphophallus oncophyllus), Vegetable Tail (Oiplazium esculentum), Kaliandra (Calliandra callothyrus), D adem / fig (Ficus racemosa; Ficus fistulosa), beard receipts (Usnea barbata), Puyang (Zingiber zerumbet), Spine / Strawberries (Fragaria sp.), Seming (Pamelia spp.), Paku pohon / lemputu (Cyathea latrebosa), Paku kidang (Dicksonia blumei), Lempuna (Cyathea contaminans), bird nest nest (Asplenium nidus), Nid pidpid (Nephrolepis sp.), Palem nyabah (Pinanga arinasaensis), Palem peji (Pinanga coronata), Tahlan (Oysoxylumspp.), Sampat (Meliosma ferruginea), Segang (Polyosma integrates), Orchids (Vanda tricolor), Tiying (Bambusasp.), Types (Manglietia glauca), Ambengan (Imperata cylindrica), Rotan (Calamus sp.), Udu (Litsea velutina), Kerasi (Lantana camara), Juwet (Syzygium cumint ), Hea (Ficus sp.), Bunut (Ficus benjamina), Belantih (Homalanthus giganteus), Samblung / daun draga (Raphidophora pinnata), Paku (Selaginella sp.), Sente (Alocasia macrorrhizos), Lenggung (Trema orientalis) Dishes (Cyclea barbata), Kepasilan / parasites (Scurrula atropurpurea), Jelunut (Commersonia bartramia), etc.

more search required …?

Overview of flora in Bali
Tree ===> click here
Non Tree ===> click here
Coral ===> click here

Fauna

Endemik
Identification Mammals: Deer (Muntiacus muntjak), Wild Boar (Sus vitatus), Forest Cat (Felis bengalensis), Rase (Vivericula malacensis), Pangolin (Manis javanica), Hedgehog (Hystrix branchura), Budeng / Lutung (Trachypitecus auratus), Kera Abu (Macaca fascicularis), Land Squirrel (Lariscus insignis), Weasel (Paradoxurus hermaproditus), Squirrel (Tupaia javanica), Hedgehog (Hystrix sp.), Kalong (Pteropus edulis)

Reptile: Lizard (Mabouya sp.),

Birds: Sugem (Ducula lacernulata), Javanese checkak (Halcyon cyanoventris), river checker (Todirhamphus chloris), blue prawn king (Alcedo coerulescens), Srigunting (Dicrurus sp.), Cerukcuk (Pycnonotus goiavier), Prenjak (Ordo Passeriformes) , Sriti (Collocalia esculenta), Sesame honey (Fam Nectariniidae), Forest Chicken (Gallus sp.), Chicken Forest (Gallus varius), Bird Fan (Rhipidura javanica), Owl (Pypte alba javanica), Srigunting (Dicrurus renifer) , and Eagle (Haliaestur indus).

Insect: Green fly (Lucilia sericata), red Wasps (Hymenoptera Order), Bees (Apis sp.), Butterflies (Ordo Lepidoptera), Crickets (Fam Gryllidae)

more search required …?

Overview of fauna in Bali
Amfibian ===> click here
Bird ===> click here
Fish ===> click here
Insect ===> click here
Mammalia ===> click here
Primata ===> click here
Reptil ===> click here
Invertebrata ===> click here

SOURCE:

Website
  1. ksda-bali.go.id; Juli 2017
  2. pika.ksdae.menlhk.go.id; Juli 2017
Blog
PDF
  1. AUTEKOLOGI PURNAJIWA (Euchresta horsfieldii (Lesch.) Benn. (FABACEAE) DI SEBAGIAN KAWASAN HUTAN BUKIT TAPAK CAGAR ALAM BATUKAHU BALI; SUTOMO, LAILY MUKAROMAH 2010 (link: drive.google.com)
  2. Keanekaragaman Jenis Araceae Di Kawasan Hutan Bukit Tapak, Cagar Alam
    Batukahu, Bali; Agung Kurniawan, Tri Warseno, dan Ni Putu Sri Asih, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta 2013 (Link: drive.google.com)
  3. PERATURAN GUBERNUR BALI No 77 TAHUN 2014 TENTANG RENCANA KEHUTANAN TINGKAT PROVINSI (RKTP) BALI TAHUN 2014-2034; Desember 2014 (Link: drive.google.com)

  4. Statistik Dirjen KSDAE 2015; Dirjen KSDAE (Link: drive.google.com)

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